Stephen W Smith

Learn More
BACKGROUND We determined the diagnostic accuracy of the Advia Centaur TnI-Ultra assay for detecting myocardial infarction (MI) and assessing risk of adverse events in patients presenting with ischemic symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome. METHODS We measured cardiac troponin I (cTnI) on admission and 6-24 h after admission (follow-up) in plasma(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the ability of myeloperoxidase (MPO) to identify the risk for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients who present with ischemic symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome and have a normal cardiac troponin I (cTnI) value. METHODS We used Siemens (n = 400) and Abbott (n = 350) assays to measure MPO and cTnI in plasma(More)
The design, fabrication, and evaluation of two dimensional array transducers for real-time volumetric imaging are described. The transducers we have previously described operated at frequencies below 3 MHz and were unwieldy to the operator because of the interconnect schemes used in connecting to the transducer handle. Several new transducers have been(More)
BACKGROUND Suspected acute coronary syndrome is the commonest reason for emergency admission to hospital and is a large burden on health-care resources. Strategies to identify low-risk patients suitable for immediate discharge would have major benefits. METHODS We did a prospective cohort study of 6304 consecutively enrolled patients with suspected acute(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin is the preferred biomarker for detecting acute myocardial injury and infarction (MI). We studied whether multiple biomarkers of numerous pathophysiological pathways would increase the diagnostic accuracy for detecting MI. METHODS Seven biomarkers [myeloperoxidase, soluble CD40 ligand, placental growth factor, matrix(More)
Several sparse 2-D arrays for real time rectilinear volumetric imaging were investigated. All arrays consisted of 128x128=16,384 elements with lambda spacing operating at 5 MHz. Because of system limitations, not all of the elements could be used. From each array, 256 elements were used as transmitters, and 256 elements were used as receivers. These arrays(More)
Modifications were made to a commercial real-time, three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound system for near simultaneous 3-D scanning with two matrix array transducers. As a first illustration, a transducer cable assembly was modified to incorporate two independent, 3-D intra-cardiac echo catheters, a 7 Fr (2.3 mm O.D.) side scanning catheter and a 14 Fr (4.7 mm(More)
Having previously presented the ultrasound brain helmet, a system for simultaneous 3-D ultrasound imaging via both temporal bone acoustic windows, the scanning geometry of this system is utilized to allow each matrix array to serve as a correction source for the opposing array. Aberration is estimated using cross-correlation of RF channel signals, followed(More)
BACKGROUND The frequency and characteristics of myocardial infarction (MI) subtypes per the Third Universal Definition of MI (TUDMI) classification system using high-sensitivity (hs) cardiac troponin assays with sex-specific cutoffs is not well known. We sought to describe the diagnostic characteristics of type 1 (T1MI) and type 2 (T2MI) MI using an(More)
Image segmentation algorithms based on ROI typically rely on the homogeneity of image intensities. CT scanner is dedicated as research Scanner which has been developed in view of imaging applications. A key Feature of the work is to use Empirical system to achieve resolution recovery with novel region based method. This method identifies local intensity(More)