Stephen W Page

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To determine whether L-5-hydroxytryptophan (L-5-HTP) associated with eosinophiliamyalgia syndrome (EMS) like illness contains impurities in a fashion similar to that described in L-tryptophan associated with EMS. METHODS Members of a family who became ill after exposure to L-5-HTP were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health. Data from(More)
An AOAC/IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) collaborative study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of an immunoaffinity column for the determination of aflatoxin. The test portion is extracted with methanol-water (7 + 3), filtered, diluted to less than 30% methanol with water, and applied to the affinity column. The column is(More)
Ochratoxin A (OA) is a nephrotoxic and nephrocarcinogenic mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium species. It has been found mainly in cereal grains and coffee beans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence of OA in cereal grains and in coffee imported to the United States. A modified liquid chromatographic (LC) method for(More)
The mold genus Alternaria is a widely distributed plant pathogen. Some of these species, e.g., A. alternata, are common decay organisms of fruits and vegetables. Two novel perylene oxide metabolites, altertoxins II and III, have been identified in extracts of A. alternata isolates that exhibit mutagenic responses in the Ames Salmonella typhimurium assay.(More)
Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic which has enjoyed extensive use in both medical and veterinary practice. Shortly after its introduction in the late 1940s, the use of chloramphenicol was associated with the induction of an idiosyncratic form of aplastic anaemia in man. This rare and unpredictable adverse effect has since been associated not(More)
Electron spin resonance (ESR)1 spin-label oximetry and spin trapping techniques have been used to study the effect of fumonisin B1 (FB1), an amphipathic mycotoxin on lipid peroxidation in egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (EYPC) bilayers. In the study of the interaction between FB1 and lipid bilayers our results show that fumonisin disturbs the ordering of(More)
Wheat and barley from the 1993 crop year were analyzed for deoxynivalenol (DON). A total of 630 samples were collected by the Federal Grain Inspection Service in 25 states and analyzed using a commercially available, direct competitive, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The limit of determination was about 0.5 micrograms/g. DON contamination in the 483(More)
Ninety-five isolates of Aspergillus and Penicillium species from selected dried foods were examined for their ability to produce cyclopiazonic acid (CPA). The isolates were grown in sterile synthetic liquid medium at 28 degrees C for 8 days in the dark. The medium and mold mycelia were then extracted with chloroform. CPA was semiquantitatively determined by(More)
A liquid chromatographic (LC) method for determining deoxynivalenol (DON) in white flour, whole wheat flour, and bran at or above the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory level of 1 microgram/g was evaluated by an interlaboratory study. Test samples of processed wheat (flour and bran) were extracted by blending with acetonitrile-water (84 + 16).(More)
Interest in pharmaceuticals in the environment has increased substantially in recent years. Several studies in particular have assessed human and ecological risks from human pharmaceutical estrogens, such as 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2). Regulatory action also has increased, with the USA and other countries developing rules to address estrogens and other(More)