Stephen W. Michnick

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New protein parameters are reported for the all-atom empirical energy function in the CHARMM program. The parameter evaluation was based on a self-consistent approach designed to achieve a balance between the internal (bonding) and interaction (nonbonding) terms of the force field and among the solvent-solvent, solvent-solute, and solute-solute(More)
Drosophila olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) each express two odorant receptors (ORs): a divergent member of the OR family and the highly conserved, broadly expressed receptor OR83b. OR83b is essential for olfaction in vivo and enhances OR function in vitro, but the molecular mechanism by which it acts is unknown. Here we demonstrate that OR83b(More)
Protein interactions regulate the systems-level behavior of cells; thus, deciphering the structure and dynamics of protein interaction networks in their cellular context is a central goal in biology. We have performed a genome-wide in vivo screen for protein-protein interactions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by means of a protein-fragment complementation(More)
Evolution has resulted in numerous innovations that allow organisms to increase their fitness by choosing particular mating partners, including secondary sexual characteristics, behavioural patterns, chemical attractants and corresponding sensory mechanisms. The haploid yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae selects mating partners by interpreting the concentration(More)
Previous studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae have demonstrated that cryptic promoters within coding regions activate transcription in particular mutants. We have performed a comprehensive analysis of cryptic transcription in order to identify factors that normally repress cryptic promoters, to determine the amount of cryptic transcription genome-wide, and(More)
Protein-fragment complementation assays (PCAs) provide a general strategy to study the dynamics of protein-protein interactions in vivo and in vitro. The full potential of PCA requires assays that are fully reversible and sensitive at subendogenous protein expression levels. We describe a new assay that meets these criteria, based on the Gaussia princeps(More)
Owing to their crucial roles in regulating protein function, phosphorylation sites (phosphosites) are expected to be evolutionarily conserved. However, mixed results regarding this prediction have been reported. We resolve these contrasting conclusions to show that phosphosites are, on average, more conserved than non-phosphorylated equivalent residues when(More)
Two strategies are described for detecting constitutive or induced protein-protein interactions in intact mammalian cells; these strategies are based on oligomerization domain-assisted complementation of rationally designed fragments of the murine enzyme dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR; EC 1.5.1.3). We describe a dominant clonal-selection assay of stably(More)
We describe a rapid and efficient in vivo library-versus-library screening strategy for identifying optimally interacting pairs of heterodimerizing polypeptides. Two leucine zipper libraries, semi-randomized at the positions adjacent to the hydrophobic core, were genetically fused to either one of two designed fragments of the enzyme murine dihydrofolate(More)
Erythropoietin and other cytokine receptors are thought to be activated through hormone-induced dimerization and autophosphorylation of JAK kinases associated with the receptor intracellular domains. An in vivo protein fragment complementation assay was used to obtain evidence for an alternative mechanism in which unliganded erythropoietin receptor dimers(More)