Stephen W. J. Wang

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The low bioavailability of genistein has impeded its development into a therapeutic agent. Our earlier studies indicate that glucuronidation is one of the major barriers to genistein oral bioavailability. This study will determine how sulfotransferases and efflux transporters affect its intestinal disposition. A rodent intestinal perfusion model and S9(More)
Intestinal lymphatic transport has been shown to be an absorptive pathway following oral administration of lipids and an increasing number of lipophilic drugs, which once absorbed, diffuse across the intestinal enterocyte and while in transit associate with secretable enterocyte lipoproteins. The chylomicron-associated drug is then secreted from the(More)
The purposes of this study were to investigate how efflux transporters and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) affect the disposition of naringenin. A rat intestinal perfusion model with bile duct cannulation was used along with rat intestinal and liver microsomes. In the intestinal perfusion model, both absorption and subsequent excretion of naringenin(More)
We characterized the in vitro glucuronidation of prunetin, a prodrug of genistein that is a highly active cancer prevention agent. Metabolism studies were conducted using expressed human UGT isoforms and microsomes/S9 fractions prepared from intestine and liver of rodents and humans. The results indicated that human intestinal microsomes were more efficient(More)
Flavonoids have poor bioavailabilities largely because of metabolism via UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs). This study aims to further understand the functions of UGT in metabolizing genistein and apigenin, two compounds metabolized more extensively in the gut than in the liver. Because Gunn rats are deficient in UGT1As, we determined whether this(More)
A simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for determination of ibuprofen, (+/-)-(R, S)-2-(4-isobutylphenyl)-propionic acid, enantiomers in rat serum. Serum (0.1 ml) was extracted with 2,2,4-trimethylpentane/isopropanol (95:5, v/v) after addition of the internal standard, (S)-naproxen, and acidification with(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine the importance of coupling of efflux transporters and metabolic enzymes in the intestinal disposition of six isoflavones (genistein, daidzein, formononetin, glycitein, biochanin A, and prunetin), and to determine how isoflavone structural differences affect the intestinal disposition. A rat intestinal perfusion(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare intestinal versus hepatic disposition of six flavonoids to fully characterize their first-pass metabolism. The perfused rat intestinal model and microsomes prepared from rat liver, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon were used. The results indicated that isoflavone (12.5 microM) glucuronidation was highly variable(More)
BACKGROUND Marketed red clover (Trifoleum pratense) products use a wide variety of labels, and the isoflavone content from the label is ambiguous. MATERIALS AND METHODS In the present study, we analyzed the content of various isoflavone products, and determined (1) the content and (2) how the sample matrix of red clover products affects the intestinal(More)
While most enzyme-catalyzed reactions are adequately described by Michaelis-Menten kinetics, Aldehyde Oxidase (AOX) metabolism might exhibit atypical kinetics due to possible substrate inhibition. Ignoring this phenomenon may lead to erroneous estimates of kinetic parameters and over simplification of the enzyme mechanism. In this study, in vitro metabolism(More)