Stephen W. Downing

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BACKGROUND This study was designed to examine the bulk electrical properties of myocardium and their variation with the evolution of infarction after coronary occlusion. These properties may be useful in distinguishing between normal, ischemic, and infarcted tissue on the basis of electrophysiological parameters. METHODS AND RESULTS The electrical(More)
A method is developed and validated for approximating continuous smooth distributions of finite strains in the ventricles from the deformations of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tissue tagging "tag lines" or "tag surfaces." Tag lines and intersections of orthogonal tag lines are determined using a semiautomated algorithm. Three-dimensional (3-D)(More)
The hagfishes (cyclostomes) are known to secrete copious amounts of mucus mainly by the holocrine mode from the slime glands. Stressed animals release two types of cells (gland thread cells, GTCs; gland mucous cells, GMCs) which rupture on contact with water and rapidly form a mass of viscous mucus. Herein we report some key sequential events of this(More)
This paper deals with the collection, fractionation and partial characterization of the slime gland secretion of the Pacific hagfish (Eptatretus stouti) with emphasis on the mucous fraction. Secretions were collected by electrical stimulation of the glands of anesthetized hagfish and, using three different methods, separated into three fractions: 1) the(More)
Scanning electron microscopy in conjunction with cell isolation procedures revealed details of the packing of threads in hagfish slime gland thread cells. Biochemical studies indicate that the thread is largely composed of a protein subunit with a molecular weight of 63,500. Mathematical calculations suggest that the thread may attain lengths of 60(More)
Previous studies with the hagfish, a primitive vertebrate, have shown that the gland thread cells (GTCs) each contain a single thread (approximately 60 cm long in average-sized cells) in the form of a concisely coiled cytoskeletal entity destined for export by holocrine secretion. The thread in relatively immature GTCs consists almost entirely of(More)
Tumor cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) is closely linked with tumor cell invasion and metastasis. In this study, we demonstrate that low levels of adriamycin, a widely used anticancer drug, can inhibit the invasion of highly metastatic K1735-M2 mouse melanoma cellsin vitro through a reconstituted basement membrane extract. Adriamycin-induced(More)
Thread cell differentiation in the slime gland of the Pacific hagfish Eptatretus stouti has been studied using light microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Thread cell differentiation is remarkable in that the life history of the cell is largely dedicated to the production of a single, tapered, cylindrical, highly coiled, and(More)