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BACKGROUND If surgeons could "see " through blood and cardiac chamber walls, it would ultimately be unnecessary to open the heart or use cardiopulmonary bypass to perform procedures such as atrial septal defect (ASD) closure or mitral valve repair. Conventional echocardiography generates cross-sectional images that are not satisfactory as the only(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to examine the bulk electrical properties of myocardium and their variation with the evolution of infarction after coronary occlusion. These properties may be useful in distinguishing between normal, ischemic, and infarcted tissue on the basis of electrophysiological parameters. METHODS AND RESULTS The electrical(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the authors' 30-year experience with traumatic aortic rupture (TAR). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA TAR is a highly lethal injury. Most institutions manage a small number of cases, and most surgeons receive only modest exposure during training. METHODS Between 1971 and 2001, the authors operated on 219 patients with a diagnosis of TAR.(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with bleeding and thrombotic complications, massive fluid shifts, and cellular and hormonal defense reactions that are collectively termed "the whole body inflammatory response." A host of vasoactive substances are produced, released or altered during cardiopulmonary bypass. These hormones, autacoids, and cytokines react(More)
A method is developed and validated for approximating continuous smooth distributions of finite strains in the ventricles from the deformations of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tissue tagging "tag lines" or "tag surfaces." Tag lines and intersections of orthogonal tag lines are determined using a semiautomated algorithm. Three-dimensional (3-D)(More)
The hagfish slime gland may provide a model system for studying certain aspects of the biology of mucus. Mucus is obtained in nonhydrated form by electrically stimulating the anesthetized hagfish and the secretions are stirred into ammonium sulfate. Centrifugation and filtration are than used to isolate the two major secretory products, mucous vesicles and(More)
Two methods to cannulate the left atrium for initiating mechanical left ventricular circulatory assistance using a centrifugal pump were investigated in 25 sheep. A modified Dennis transatrial septal approach produced flow rates of 88.6 +/- 14 mL.kg-1.min-1 through 21F catheters inserted during fluoroscopy through the jugular vein. In 8 animals the septal(More)