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Huntington's disease (HD) is one of an increasing number of neurodegenerative disorders caused by a CAG/polyglutamine repeat expansion. Mice have been generated that are transgenic for the 5' end of the human HD gene carrying (CAG)115-(CAG)150 repeat expansions. In three lines, the transgene is ubiquitously expressed at both mRNA and protein level.(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is one of an increasing number of human neurodegenerative disorders caused by a CAG/polyglutamine-repeat expansion. The mutation occurs in a gene of unknown function that is expressed in a wide range of tissues. The molecular mechanism responsible for the delayed onset, selective pattern of neuropathology, and cell death observed(More)
The mechanism by which an elongated polyglutamine sequence causes neurodegeneration in Huntington's disease (HD) is unknown. In this study, we show that the proteolytic cleavage of a GST-huntingtin fusion protein leads to the formation of insoluble high molecular weight protein aggregates only when the polyglutamine expansion is in the pathogenic range.(More)
The cause of neurodegeneration in Huntington's disease (HD) is unknown. Patients with HD have an expanded NH2-terminal polyglutamine region in huntingtin. An NH2-terminal fragment of mutant huntingtin was localized to neuronal intranuclear inclusions (NIIs) and dystrophic neurites (DNs) in the HD cortex and striatum, which are affected in HD, and(More)
Recent work has shown that abnormal filamentous inclusions within some nerve cells is a characteristic shared by Alzheimer's disease, some frontotemporal dementias, Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, as well as Huntington's disease and other trinucleotide repeat disorders. This suggests that in each of these disorders,(More)
Using antibodies to neuropeptide Y (NPY) in combination with immunohistochemical techniques we have studied the distribution of cell bodies and nerve terminals containing NPY immunoreactivity (-i) in the hippocampal region of rats and monkeys (cynomolgus). In colchicine-pretreated rats a large number of NPY-positive cells are present in all areas of the(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG-polyglutamine repeat expansion. A mouse model of this disease has been generated by the introduction of exon 1 of the human HD gene carrying highly expanded CAG repeats into the mouse germ line (R6 lines). Transgenic mice develop a progressive neurological phenotype with a(More)
A combination of immunocytochemical and enzyme histochemical methods have been used to study those neurons which survive lesions of the rat striatum, produced by low doses of the excitotoxin quinolinic acid. Nissl-stained sections revealed that following injection of this toxin many large neurons remained within areas of extensive cell loss. These large(More)
Alterations in neurotransmitter receptors are a pathological hallmark of the neurodegeneration seen in Huntington's disease (HD). However, the significance of these alterations has been uncertain, possibly reflecting simply the loss of brain cells. It is not known for certain whether the alteration of neurotransmitter receptors occurs before the onset of(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by personality changes, motor impairment, and subcortical dementia. HD is one of a number of diseases caused by expression of an expanded polyglutamine repeat. We have developed several lines of mice that are transgenic for exon 1 of the HD gene containing an expanded(More)