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BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested an association between periodontal disease and prematurity but this finding has not been consistently observed. METHODS Case control study. Cases (n = 50) were women who had delivered after spontaneous preterm labor at <35 weeks gestation. Two groups of controls (n = 101) were recruited: women who were undelivered(More)
BACKGROUND In oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) fibrous bands and burning mucosal pain restrict oral opening to limit speech and eating. The pathogenesis of OSF remains unclear, while surgical and pharmacological treatments have limited success, and are often inaccessible in communities using areca nut where OSF is prevalent. Improved outcomes are reported for(More)
Cathepsin B activity was demonstrated histochemically in unfixed cryostat sections of inflamed human gingiva using the 2-methoxy-4-naphthylamide (MNA) substrates Z-Val-Lys-Lys-Arg-MNA and Z-Ala-Arg-Arg-MNA with a post-azo-coupling technique. Enzyme localisation was confirmed by immunocytochemistry with polyclonal sheep anti-human cathepsin B. In both cases,(More)
AIM To make an initial assessment of the periodontal diagnostic potential of immunoreactive matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) by comparison with elastase activity which has previously been associated with disease severity and progression. METHODS GCF was collected from molar and premolar sites of 16 chronic adult(More)
20 untreated chronic periodontitis patients were given a full periodontal examination, including measurements of probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), gingival index (GI), bleeding index (BI) and plaque index (Pl.I.). At a second visit, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected on filter paper strips from the deepest accessible probing(More)
Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected from chronic periodontitis patients using plastic micropipettes and coverslip smears stained with antibodies for leukocyte markers and Toluidine Blue for mast cells. The smears consisted of 70-80% granulocytes, 10-20% monocytes/macrophages, 5% mast cells and 5% T lymphocytes; no B lymphocytes were found.(More)
Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected from the deepest probing site of each tooth of 10 chronic periodontitis patients prior to treatment, after scaling and hygiene treatment, and after periodontal surgery. Surgery was carried out at sites which had persistent probing depths in excess of 5 mm. The patients were given a full periodontal examination,(More)
Probing attachment loss and radiographical measurements of bone loss were made on 20 untreated chronic periodontitis patients. At a second visit, gingival crevicular fluid was collected on filter paper strips from the deepest accessible interdental probing site of each tooth. Gingival crevicular fluid volumes were determined and the samples eluted into(More)
Examination of light microscopical sections of the kidneys of guinea pigs with chronic exposure to mercury as the result of the breakdown of subcutaneous implants of powdered dental amalgam demonstrated the development of black, refractile deposits in the cytoplasm and nuclei of cells in both the straight and convoluted portions of the proximal tubule. The(More)
Twenty-four guinea pigs were subcutaneously implanted with 2 X 25 mg of powdered dental amalgam for between 1 and 24 months. Four animals served as controls. All animals were fed a standard diet containing 0.2 microgram/g selenium (Se). Mercury (Hg) was released from the implants at an average rate of 21.7 micrograms/d and 4.35-16.94 micrograms of Se were(More)