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Accurate prediction of parturition date is useful for clinical management of canine parturition. For nearly all normal canine pregnancies, parturition occurs 64-66 days from the LH peak, the timing of which cannot be differentiated from the initial sharp rise in serum progesterone (P4) concentrations. We sought to determine by retrospective analysis if(More)
Veterinary diagnostic endocrinology laboratories frequently receive hemolyzed plasma, serum, or blood samples for hormone analyses. However, except for the previously reported harm done by hemolysis to canine insulin, effects of hemolysis on quantification of other clinically important hormones are unknown. Therefore, these studies were designed to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND Little information exists on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in septic foals. HYPOTHESIS The plasma concentrations of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol are expected to be higher in septic foals as compared to normal foals. The concentrations of hormones in septic foals also are expected to differ further depending upon survival.(More)
Plasma ACTH levels have been variable in horses with a positive clinical response for therapy for equine Cushing's Disease (ECD). Therefore, our purpose was to determine the value of monitoring plasma adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) levels during treatment of equine Cushing's disease (ECD) with either cyproheptadine (n = 32) or pergolide (n = 10). First, we(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the variation in plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) concentration and dexamethasone suppression test (DST) results with season, age, and sex in healthy, pony mares (n=15) and pony stallions (n=14) living under semiferal conditions and horse mares (n=10) living at pasture. Plasma ACTH concentrations were(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that low-volume resuscitation with hemoglobin glutamer-200 improves hemodynamic function and tissue oxygenation, whereas arginine vasopressin resuscitation improves blood pressures more than low-volume saline or hemoglobin glutamer infusion but compromises systemic and muscle blood flow and oxygenation. DESIGN Randomized(More)
The present study sought to determine the spectrum of diseases associated with subnormal concentrations of serum cobalamin in cats undergoing investigation of suspected gastrointestinal problems. The solid-phase boil radioassay (RA) for cobalamin employed in the present study was immunologically specific, precise, and accurate, with a sensitivity of 15(More)
BACKGROUND Determination of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) concentration is a commonly used test in the evaluation of endocrine causes of equine laminitis, but the concentration in healthy horses can be high at certain times of year, which alters the specificity of the ACTH test. OBJECTIVE To determine if circulating concentrations of ACTH, cortisol,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if horses before undergoing anesthesia for surgical correction of colic would have lower plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) concentrations than healthy horses undergoing anesthesia for arthroscopic surgery, and would not increase their plasma AVP concentrations in response to anesthesia and surgery. DESIGN Prospective clinical study.(More)
The bovine placenta has long been known as a source of steroid hormones. We performed three experiments to compare production of estrogens by bovine mononucleate and binucleate trophoblastic cells and examined effects of cortisol, progesterone, pregnenolone, testosterone, and androstenedione. In the first experiment, binucleate trophoblastic cells were(More)