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As deep nets are increasingly used in applications suited for mobile devices, a fundamental dilemma becomes apparent: the trend in deep learning is to grow models to absorb ever-increasing data set sizes; however mobile devices are designed with very little memory and cannot store such large models. We present a novel network architecture, HashedNets, that… (More)

The goal of machine learning is to develop predictors that generalize well to test data. Ideally, this is achieved by training on very large (infinite) training data sets that capture all variations in the data distribution. In the case of finite training data, an effective solution is to extend the training set with artificially created examples—which,… (More)

In this paper, we introduce two novel metric learning algorithms, χ 2-LMNN and GB-LMNN, which are explicitly designed to be non-linear and easy-to-use. The two approaches achieve this goal in fundamentally different ways: χ 2-LMNN inherits the computational benefits of a linear mapping from linear metric learning , but uses a non-linear χ 2-distance to… (More)

Gradient Boosted Regression Trees (GBRT) are the current state-of-the-art learning paradigm for machine learned web-search ranking - a domain notorious for very large data sets. In this paper, we propose a novel method for parallelizing the training of GBRT. Our technique parallelizes the construction of the individual regression trees and operates using… (More)

We present Stochastic Neighbor Compression (SNC), an algorithm to compress a dataset for the purpose of k-nearest neighbor (kNN) classification. Given training data, SNC learns a much smaller synthetic data set, that minimizes the stochastic 1-nearest neighbor classification error on the training data. This approach has several appealing properties: due to… (More)

Convolutional neural networks (CNN) are increasingly used in many areas of computer vision. They are particularly attractive because of their ability to " absorb " great quantities of labeled data through millions of parameters. However, as model sizes increase, so do the storage and memory requirements of the classi-fiers. We present a novel network… (More)

Glioblastoma Mulitforme is highly infiltrative, making precise delineation of tumor margin difficult. Multimodality or multi-parametric MR imaging sequences promise an advantage over anatomic sequences such as post contrast enhancement as methods for determining the spatial extent of tumor involvement. In considering multi-parametric imaging sequences… (More)

In this paper, we evaluate the performance of various parallel optimization methods for Kernel Support Vector Machines on multicore CPUs and GPUs. In particular , we provide the first comparison of algorithms with explicit and implicit parallelization. Most existing parallel implementations for multi-core or GPU ar-chitectures are based on explicit… (More)

- Pavlo Molchanov, Xiaodong Yang, Shalini Gupta, Kihwan Kim, Stephen Tyree, Jan Kautz +1 other

Automatic detection and classification of dynamic hand gestures in real-world systems intended for human computer interaction is challenging as: 1) there is a large diversity in how people perform gestures, making detection and classification difficult; 2) the system must work online in order to avoid noticeable lag between performing a gesture and its… (More)