Stephen Tanner

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Reliable identification of posttranslational modifications is key to understanding various cellular regulatory processes. We describe a tool, InsPecT, to identify posttranslational modifications using tandem mass spectrometry data. InsPecT constructs database filters that proved to be very successful in genomics searches. Given an MS/MS spectrum S and a(More)
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are of great biological importance. Most existing approaches perform a restrictive search that can only take into account a few types of PTMs and ignore all others. We describe an unrestrictive PTM search algorithm that searches for all types of PTMs at once in a blind mode, i.e., without knowing which PTMs exist in a(More)
We have employed recently developed blind modification search techniques to generate the most comprehensive map of post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human lens constructed to date. Three aged lenses, two of which had moderate cataract, and one young control lens were analyzed using multidimensional liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. In total,(More)
Filtration techniques in the form of rapid elimination of candidate sequences while retaining the true one are key ingredients of database searches in genomics. Although SEQUEST and Mascot perform a conceptually similar task to the tool BLAST, the key algorithmic idea of BLAST (filtration) was never implemented in these tools. As a result MS/MS protein(More)
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) experiments often generate redundant data sets containing multiple spectra of the same peptides. Clustering of MS/MS spectra takes advantage of this redundancy by identifying multiple spectra of the same peptide and replacing them with a single representative spectrum. Analyzing only representative spectra results in(More)
While bacterial genome annotations have significantly improved in recent years, techniques for bacterial proteome annotation (including post-translational chemical modifications, signal peptides, proteolytic events, etc.) are still in their infancy. At the same time, the number of sequenced bacterial genomes is rising sharply, far outpacing our ability to(More)
Annotation of protein-coding genes is a key goal of genome sequencing projects. In spite of tremendous recent advances in computational gene finding, comprehensive annotation remains a challenge. Peptide mass spectrometry is a powerful tool for researching the dynamic proteome and suggests an attractive approach to discover and validate protein-coding(More)
Reliable identification of post-translational modifications is key to understanding various cellular regulatory processes. We describe a tool, InsPecT, to identify post-translational modifications using tandem mass spectrometry data. InsPecT constructs database filters that proved to be very successful in genomics searches. Given an MS/MS spectrum S and a(More)
The promise of mass spectrometry as a tool for probing signal-transduction is predicated on reliable identification of post-translational modifications. Phosphorylations are key mediators of cellular signaling, yet are hard to detect, partly because of unusual fragmentation patterns of phosphopeptides. In addition to being accurate, MS/MS identification(More)
BACKGROUND The potential effect of intraoperative factors on respiratory complications after pneumonectomy is still unclear. METHODS We conducted a retrospective cohort study; charts of 129 patients who underwent elective pneumonectomy at the University of Virginia were reviewed. Logistic regression was used to estimate the effect of anesthetic factors on(More)