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In the nanoscale regime, the double-gate MOSFET can provide superior short-channel behavior. For this structure, device scaling issues are explored. Gate length scaling will be limited by the ability to control off-state leakage current due to quantum tunneling and thermionic emission between the source and drain as well as band-to-band tunneling between(More)
This report reviews the evidence for the types of human rights violations experienced by people with mental and psychosocial disabilities in low-income and middle-income countries as well as strategies to prevent these violations and promote human rights in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The article draws on(More)
— We have investigated circuit options to surpass the 1-V power-supply limitation predicted by traditional scaling guidelines. By modulating the body bias, we can dynamically adjust the threshold voltage to have different on-and off-state values. Several dynamic threshold voltage MOSFET (DTMOS) logic styles were analyzed for ultralow-power use—from 1.5 down(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative brain injury is common in neonates with complex congenital heart disease. Increasing evidence suggests a complex interaction of prenatal and postnatal risk factors for development of brain white matter injury, called periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), in neonates with complex congenital heart disease. To date, there remains a(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE A fibrin sheath is a circumferential sleeve of endothelium that forms around the surface of implanted central venous catheters and frequently remains intact within the lumen of the vein after removal of the catheters. We describe a new entity of infective endovascular fibrin sheath vegetations. METHODS Records of patients hospitalized(More)
To understand the role of Ras-MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) in trophic factor withdrawal- and oxidative stress-induced apoptotic cell death processes, undifferentiated rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells and a PC12 variant cell line stably expressing the Ras dominant-negative mutant (M-M17-26) were subjected to serum withdrawal in the absence or(More)
Fluctuations in intrinsic linear V<inf>t</inf>, free of impact of parasitics, are measured for large arrays of NMOS and PMOS devices on a testchip in a 150nm logic technology. Local intrinsic &#963;V<inf>T</inf>, free of extrinsic process, length and width variations, is random, and worsens with reverse body bias. Although the traditional area-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Low incomes may not provide the minimum requirements for healthy living. We evaluated experiences of food insecurity in relation to income in inner London. METHODS Subjects attending 10 general medical practices completed a short self-administered questionnaire, including the short form Household Food Security Scale and a short food frequency(More)