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The large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (BK, also termed BK(Ca), Slo, or MaxiK) distributed in both excitable and non-excitable cells are involved in many cellular functions such as action potential repolarization; neuronal excitability; neurotransmitter release; hormone secretion; tuning of cochlear hair cells; innate immunity; and(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) increases GABA(B) receptor expression in neuronal cultures from the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In the present study, the chronic effects of ANG II on GABA(B) receptor expression and activity were examined in the NTS of Sprague-Dawley rats. Intracerebroventricular infusion of ANG II caused a significant elevation in blood(More)
The peripheral apelin system plays a significant role in cardiovascular homeostasis and in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. However, the central effect of this neurohormonal system in neural control of cardiovascular function remains poorly understood. Thus, this study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of apelin in the rostral(More)
The present study was designed to determine if endogenous calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) affects the process of nitrate tolerance development in blood vessels. Rat aortic rings were suspended in organ chambers and relaxations to nitroglycerin (10(-9) -10(-6) M) were obtained in nitrate tolerant and nontolerant rings contracted with norepinephrine(More)
— Academic writing, individual or collaborative, is an essential skill for todayʼs graduates. Unfortunately, managing writing activities and providing feedback to students is very labour intensive and academics often opt out of including such learning experiences in their teaching. We describe the architecture for a new collaborative writing support(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that both the angiotensin II (ANG II) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) systems play a very important role in the regulation of blood pressure (BP). However, there is little information concerning the interactions between these two systems in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). In the present study, we examined the effects of(More)
The present study was designed to determine the effects of melatonin on coronary vasomotor tone. Porcine coronary arteries were suspended in organ chambers for isometric tension recording. Melatonin (10(-10)-10(-5) M) itself caused neither contraction nor relaxation of the tissues. Serotonin (10(-9)-10(-5) M) caused concentration-dependent contractions of(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence indicates that GABAergic neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) play a significant role in the arterial baroreceptor reflex and control of cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the role of these neurons in the development of hypertension is not yet fully clear. METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we first(More)
The major objective of the present study was to determine the effect of multiple, brief periods of coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion on postischemic contractile function (sonomicrometry) and endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses in isolated conduit coronary artery rings obtained from anesthetized dogs. The role of oxygen-derived free radicals(More)
The bioassay technique was utilized to quantitate endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) released from perfused donor segments of control and diabetic rat aorta. In the presence of indomethacin, perfusates of donor segments with endothelium were allowed to superfuse recipient detector rings of normal rat aorta without endothelium. Under basal(More)