Stephen T. Kajdasz

Learn More
Transgenic (Tg) mouse models overexpressing amyloid precursor protein (APP) develop senile plaques similar to those found in Alzheimer's disease in an age-dependent manner. Recent reports demonstrated that immunotherapy is effective at preventing or removing amyloid-beta deposits in the mouse models. To characterize the mechanisms involved in clearance, we(More)
The identification of amyloid deposits in living Alzheimer disease (AD) patients is important for both early diagnosis and for monitoring the efficacy of newly developed anti-amyloid therapies. Methoxy-X04 is a derivative of Congo red and Chrysamine-G that contains no acid groups and is therefore smaller and much more lipophilic than Congo red or(More)
The lack of a specific biomarker makes preclinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) impossible, and it precludes assessment of therapies aimed at preventing or reversing the course of the disease. The development of a tool that enables direct, quantitative detection of the amyloid-beta deposits found in the disease would provide an excellent biomarker.(More)
The synthesis of a new lipophilic thioflavin-T analogue (2-[4' -(methylamino)phenyl]benzothiazole, 6) with high affinity for amyloid is reported. Intravenous injection of [(11)C]-labeled 6 in control mice resulted in high brain uptake. Amyloid deposits were imaged with multiphoton microscopy in the brains of living transgenic mice following the systemic(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, amyloid-beta peptide aggregates in the extracellular space to form senile plaques. The process of plaque deposition and growth has been modeled on the basis of in vitro experiments in ways that lead to divergent predictions: either a diffusion-limited growth model in which plaques grow by first-order kinetics, or a dynamic model of(More)
Postmortem analyses of senile plaques reveal numerous dystrophic processes in their vicinity. We used in vivo multiphoton microscopy of a transgenic model of Alzheimer disease (AD) to simultaneously image senile plaques and nearby neuronal processes. Plaques were labeled by immunofluorescent staining or thioflavine-S and neuronal processes were labeled with(More)
The accumulation of amyloid-beta into insoluble plaques is a characteristic feature of Alzheimer's disease. Neuronal morphology is distorted by plaques: rather than being essentially straight, they are substantially more curved than those in control tissue, their trajectories become altered, and they are frequently distended or swollen, presumably affecting(More)
Amyloid-beta, the primary constituent of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease, is hypothesized to cause neuronal damage and cognitive failure, but the mechanisms are unknown. Using multiphoton imaging, we show a direct association between amyloid-beta deposits and free radical production in vivo in live, transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease and(More)
The underlying pathophysiological processes of amyloid angiopathy have been difficult to study because the vessel size affected is too smallfor imaging in the human condition, and animal models have not yet been adequately developed or characterized. Herein we present characterization of animal models of overexpression of the human AbetaPP gene, initially(More)