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The human CD1b protein presents lipid antigens to T cells, but the molecular mechanism is unknown. Identification of mycobacterial glucose monomycolate (GMM) as a CD1b-presented glycolipid allowed determination of the structural requirements for its recognition by T cells. Presentation of GMM to CD1b-restricted T cells was not affected by substantial(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and class II molecules bind immunogenic peptides and present them to lymphocytes bearing the alpha beta T-cell antigen receptor (TCR). An analogous antigen-presenting function also has been proposed for the non-MHC-encoded CD1 molecules, a family of non-polymorphic, beta 2-microglobulin-associated glycoproteins(More)
It is generally accepted that TCR alphabeta+ CD8+ T cells recognize immunogenic peptides bound to MHC-encoded class I molecules. This recognition is a major component of the cellular response mediating immune protection and recovery from viral infections and from certain intracellular bacterial infections. Here, we report two human CD8+ TCR alphabeta+ T(More)
Previous studies suggest that CD1 is a family of Ag-presenting molecules distantly related to those encoded by the MHC. However, of the four known human CD1 proteins, only CD1b has been shown to restrict Ag-specific T cell responses. In this study, we have shown that a second member of the human CD1 family, CD1c, could also mediate Ag presentation to T(More)
Group 1 CD1 molecules have been shown to present lipid and glycolipid Ags of mycobacteria to human T cells. However, a suitable animal model for the investigation of this component of antimycobacterial immunity has not yet been established. Previously, we found that guinea pigs express multiple isoforms of group 1 CD1 proteins that are homologous to human(More)
C3 convertase is a key enzyme in the complement cascade and is an attractive therapeutic target for drug design. Recent studies have demonstrated that this enzyme is inhibited by compstatin (Morikis, D. , Assa-Munt, N., Sahu, A., Lambris, J.D., 1998. Solution structure of Compstatin, a potent complement inhibitor. Protein Sci. (7) 619-627; Sahu, A., Kay,(More)
alphabeta TCR can recognize peptides presented by MHC molecules or lipids and glycolipids presented by CD1 proteins. Whereas the structural basis for peptide/MHC recognition is now clearly understood, it is not known how the TCR can interact with such disparate molecules as lipids. Recently, we demonstrated that the alphabeta TCR confers specificity for(More)
Serine peptidases are a large, well-studied, and medically important class of peptidases. Despite the attention these enzymes have received, details concerning the substrate specificity of even some of the best known enzymes in this class are lacking. One approach to rapidly characterizing substrate specificity for peptidases is the use of positional(More)
A method for the solid-phase synthesis of P1 arginine containing peptides via attachment of the arginine side-chain guanidine group is described. This procedure is applied to the preparation of a tetrapeptide, P1 arginine aminocoumarin PS-SCL. This library was validated by using it to determine the P4-P2 specificity for thrombin and comparing the results to(More)
BACKGROUND Several preclinical urinary biomarkers have been qualified and accepted by the health authorities (US Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency, and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency) for detecting drug-induced kidney injury during preclinical toxicologic testing. Validated human assays for many of these biomarkers have(More)