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The first chordates appear in the fossil record at the time of the Cambrian explosion, nearly 550 million years ago. The modern ascidian tadpole represents a plausible approximation to these ancestral chordates. To illuminate the origins of chordate and vertebrates, we generated a draft of the protein-coding portion of the genome of the most studied(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb's) have been raised against proteins in preparations of Z-discs isolated from honeybee fibrillar flight muscle. These antibodies have identified four Z-disc antigens on immunoblots of honeybee fibrillar proteins. Antibody alpha binds to the 90-100 kD protein, alpha-actinin; mAb P interacts with the protein, projectin, an extremely(More)
Ascidians are simple chordates that are related to, and may resemble, vertebrate ancestors. Comparison of ascidian and vertebrate genomes is expected to provide insight into the molecular genetic basis of chordate/vertebrate evolution. We annotated muscle structural (contractile protein) genes in the completely determined genome sequence of the ascidian(More)
We have characterized an unusual type of termination signal for T7 RNA polymerase that requires a conserved 7-base pair sequence in the DNA (ATCTGTT in the non-template strand). Each of the nucleotides within this sequence is critical for function, as any substitutions abolish termination. The primary site of termination occurs 7 nucleotides downstream from(More)
Twelve monoclonal antibodies have been raised against proteins in preparations of Z-disks isolated from Drosophila melanogaster flight muscle. The monoclonal antibodies that recognized Z-band components were identified by immunofluorescence microscopy of flight muscle myofibrils. These antibodies have identified three Z-disk antigens on immunoblots of(More)
More than 200 open reading frames (ORFs) from the human cytomegalovirus genome have been reported as potentially coding for proteins. We have used two pattern-based in silico approaches to analyze this set of putative viral genes. With the help of an objective annotation method that is based on the Bio-Dictionary, a comprehensive collection of amino acid(More)
We have constructed a series of plasmid templates that allow T7 RNA polymerase (RNAP) to be halted at defined intervals downstream from its promoter in a preserved sequence context. While transcription complexes halted at +3 to +6 are highly unstable, complexes halted at +10 to +14 dissociate very slowly and gradually lose their capacity to extend(More)
CDF1 mice were implanted with 10(6) P388 leukemia cells. One day postimplantation, when interferon (IFN) therapy was begun, the tumor burden was ca. 4.8 X 10(6) cells. Therapy consisted of nine consecutive daily intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of 10(6) units of Ehrlich ascites tumor cell IFN (specific activity 5 X 10(7) IU/mg). The median life span for(More)
(1987) Stage-specific selection of alternative transcriptional initiation sites from the 5C actin gene of Drosophila melanogaster. (1989) Characterization of components of Z bands in the fibrillar flight muscle of Drosophila melanogaster. (1991) Structurally different Drosophila striated muscles utilize distinct variants of Z band-associated proteins.(More)
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