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Previous work has shown 80% serotonin transporter (5-HTT) occupancy to be a consistent finding at the minimum therapeutic dose during selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment. [11C]N,N-dimethyl-2-(2-amino-4-cyanophenylthio) benzylamine positron emission tomography ([11C]DASB PET) is currently the best method available to quantify 5-HTT(More)
Evolution has created a large family of different classes of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and a variety of additional splice variants with different inactivation properties. Inactivation controls the amount of Ca2+ entry during an action potential and is, therefore, believed to play an important role in tissue-specific Ca2+ signalling. Furthermore, mutations(More)
beta-subunit modulation of slow inactivation of class A calcium (Ca2+) channels was studied with two-microlectrode voltage clamp after expression of the alpha1A- (BI-2) together with beta1a-, beta2a-, beta3- or beta4-subunits in Xenopus oocytes. On- and off-rates of slow inactivation were estimated from the kinetics of recovery from slow inactivation. Ca2+(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of liver related morbidity and mortality. In many countries, there is a lack of comprehensive epidemiological data that are crucial in implementing disease control measures as new treatment options become available. Published literature, unpublished data and expert consensus were used to determine(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic was forecasted through 2030 for 15 countries, and the relative impact of two scenarios was considered: (i) increased treatment efficacy while holding the treated population constant and (ii) increased treatment efficacy and increased annual treated population. Increasing levels of diagnosis and treatment, in combination(More)
Morbidity and mortality attributable to chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are increasing in many countries as the infected population ages. Models were developed for 15 countries to quantify and characterize the viremic population, as well as estimate the number of new infections and HCV related deaths from 2013 to 2030. Expert consensus was used to(More)
Ca(v)2.1 mediates voltage-gated Ca2+ entry into neurons and the release of neurotransmitters at synapses of the central nervous system. An inactivation process that is modulated by the auxiliary beta-subunits regulates Ca2+ entry through Ca(v)2.1. However, the molecular mechanism of this alpha1-beta-subunit interaction remains unknown. Herein we report the(More)
1. The role of calcium (Ca2+) channel inactivation in the molecular mechanism of channel block by phenylalkylamines (PAAs) was analysed in a PAA-sensitive rabbit brain class A Ca2+ channel mutant (alpha1A-PAA). Use-dependent barium current (IBa) inhibition of alpha1A-PAA by (-)gallopamil and Ca2+ channel recovery from inactivation and block were studied(More)
L-type calcium channels (Ca(v)1.m) inactivate in response to elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) (Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation) and additionally by conformational changes induced by membrane depolarization (fast and slow voltage-dependent inactivation). Molecular determinants of inactivation play an essential role in channel inhibition by phenylalkylamines(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ranolazine is an antianginal drug currently approved for treatment of angina pectoris in the United States. Recent studies have focused on its effects on neuronal channels and its possible therapeutic uses in the nervous system. We characterized how ranolazine affects the brain sodium channel, Na(V)1.2, and how its actions are(More)