Stephen S. Prime

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This study examines the demographic, aetiological and clinico-pathological features of 37 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) who were less than 35 years old and a comparable number of patients who were greater than 60 years old. The study was undertaken at the Regional Cancer Centre, Trivandrum, India, between 1988 and 1990. In patients(More)
This study examined the initial behaviour of 48 human oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in cell culture. The early outcome of these cultures (contamination, absence of cell growth, epithelial cell senescence/fibroblast overgrowth, extended keratinocyte growth) did not reflect the clinical characteristics of the tumours of origin. Four new human oral SCC(More)
Fibrosis can occur in many organs, where it is a debilitating and preneoplastic condition. The senescence of activated fibroblasts has been proposed to ameliorate fibrosis via the innate immune system but its role in humans has not been investigated. The availability of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) biopsies at different stages of disease progression(More)
OBJECTIVES The frequency of common oncogenic mutations and TP53 was determined in Asian oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS The OncoCarta(™) panel v1.0 assay was used to characterize oncogenic mutations. In addition, exons 4-11 of the TP53 gene were sequenced. Statistical analyses were conducted to identify associations between(More)
Recent data indicate that transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) can act to promote tumour progression in the late stages of carcinogenesis. The mechanism by which this occurs is unknown although a ligand-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is thought to be important. In this study, we demonstrate that active Ras is required for(More)
Previous studies have implicated transforming growth factor-beta (s)(TGF-beta) in both development. Here TGF-beta isoforms in dentine extracellular matrix were analysed because these molecules may participate in dental issue repair. EDTA-soluble and collagenase-released fractions were isolated from human crown and root and rabbit incisor dentine samples and(More)
Referrals of patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas to an oral medicine clinic were assessed with regard to the sources, delays, and pattern of referrals from general medical practitioners and general dental practitioners. Slightly more patients were referred by dental practitioners than by medical practitioners, but general medical practitioners were(More)
Receptors of the integrin family regulate adhesion and terminal differentiation of keratinocytes. In order to investigate the significance of changes in integrin expression associated with malignant transformation we have examined normal human oral keratinocytes and seven oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) lines. Cell surface levels of the alpha 2, alpha 3,(More)
Keratinocyte senescence acts as a barrier to tumor progression but appears to be lost in late pre-malignancy to yield genetically unstable oral squamous cell carcinomas (GU-OSCC); a subset of OSCC possessing wild-type p53 and are genetically stable (GS-OSCC). In this study, fibroblasts from GU-OSCC were senescent relative to fibroblasts from GS-OSCC,(More)
Oral cancer, although uncommon in the Western world, accounts for up to 40% of all malignancies in parts of India and South East Asia. Recognised aetiological agents of oral cancer include tobacco and alcohol. This paper reviews the spectrum of molecular changes found in oral squamous cell carcinomas from Western (U.K., U.S.A., Australia) and Eastern(More)