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Cellular senescence can modulate various pathologies and is associated with irreparable DNA double-strand breaks (IrrDSBs). Extracellular senescence metabolomes (ESMs) were generated from fibroblasts rendered senescent by proliferative exhaustion (PEsen) or 20 Gy of γ rays (IrrDSBsen) and compared with those of young proliferating cells, confluent cells,(More)
We have employed molecular probes produced from DNA fragments of human papillomavirus, cloned into prokaryotic vectors, to detect virus nucleic acid sequences in extracts of human oral tissues. The study was conducted with duplicate coded snap-frozen tissue biopsies from which frozen sections had been taken to accurately assess the pathology of each(More)
Keratinocyte senescence acts as a barrier to tumor progression but appears to be lost in late pre-malignancy to yield genetically unstable oral squamous cell carcinomas (GU-OSCC); a subset of OSCC possessing wild-type p53 and are genetically stable (GS-OSCC). In this study, fibroblasts from GU-OSCC were senescent relative to fibroblasts from GS-OSCC,(More)
This study examined the characteristics of premalignant oral epithelial cell lines derived from non-invasive palatal and lingual mucosa of rats painted with the carcinogen 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide (4NQO) in vivo. In contrast to normal keratinocytes, premalignant epithelial cells had an extended life span, were independent of 3T3 fibroblast support, and(More)
Ulex europeus (Ulex 1) has been used to study the expression of cell surface alpha-L-fucose on oral epithelial cells of normal human mucosa, white lesions and carcinomas. In normal tissue and in 11 of 12 specimens of non-specific keratoses (leukoplakia), Ulex 1 stained epithelial spinous cells only. In 16 specimens of oral lichen planus, Ulex 1 labelled(More)
The binding of two fluorescein-labelled lectins to epithelial cell surfaces was examined microspectrofluorimetrically in rat oral mucosa. Griffonia simplicifolia (GS-I-B4), which is specific for alpha-D-galactosyl end groups, labelled only basal cells, while Ulex europaeus (UEA-I), which is specific for alpha-L-fucosyl groups, labelled only spinous cells.(More)
Angina bullosa haemorrhagica (ABH) is a relatively recently recognized bullous disorder in which recurrent oral blood blisters appear in the absence of any identified systemic disorder. This study has examined the clinical, histologic, immunologic, and hemostatic features of 30 British patients and demonstrates that ABH is predominantly a localized disorder(More)
Recent data indicate that transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) can act to promote tumour progression in the late stages of carcinogenesis. The mechanism by which this occurs is unknown although a ligand-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is thought to be important. In this study, we demonstrate that active Ras is required for(More)
This investigation examined which signal pathways are of relevance in growth factor-stimulated bone cell mitogenesis. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) were potent mitogens for both the MG-63 osteoblast cell line and for primary cultures of human osteoblasts (HObs). The mitogenic action of both IGF-II and PDGF(More)
This paper examines the genetic defects associated with inherited cancer syndromes and their relevance to oral cancer. Tumour suppressor genes are now thought of as either gatekeepers or caretakers according to whether they control cell growth directly by inhibiting cell proliferation and/or promoting cell death (gatekeepers) or whether they maintain the(More)