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The p53 tumor suppressor exerts anti-proliferative effects in response to various types of stress including DNA damage and abnormal proliferative signals. Tight regulation of p53 is essential for maintaining normal cell growth and this occurs primarily through posttranslational modifications of p53. Here, we describe Pirh2, a gene regulated by p53 that(More)
In 15-month-old db/db mice, signs of diabetic retinopathy, including blood-retinal barrier breakdown, loss of pericytes, neuro-retinal apoptosis, glial reactivation, and proliferation of blood vessels, were evident. These changes in the diabetic retina were associated with increased expression of aldose reductase (AR). To further understand the role of AR(More)
Organisms as diverse as fungi and humans use G-protein-coupled receptors to control signal transduction pathways responsive to various hormones, neuroregulatory molecules and other sensory stimuli. Continual stimulation of these receptors often leads to their desensitization, which is mediated in part by the consecutive actions of two families of(More)
Increased level of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, has been found in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) of patients with multi-infarction dementia, suggesting a possible role of ET-1 in cognitive deficit associated with stroke. Previously, we have reported that synthesis of ET-1 is induced in endothelial cells in hypoxic/ischemic conditions.(More)
Gaucher disease is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency in lysosomal acid beta-glucosidase (GlcCerase), the enzyme responsible for the catabolism of glucosylceramide. One of the most prevalent disease-causing mutations, N370S, results in an enzyme with lower catalytic activity and impaired exit from the endoplasmic reticulum. Here, we report(More)
The level of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, was associated with retinopathy under ischemia. The effects of endothelial endothelin-1 (ET-1) over-expression in a transgenic mouse model using Tie-1 promoter (TET-1 mice) on pathophysiological changes of retinal ischemia were investigated by intraluminal insertion of a microfilament up to middle(More)
Ischemia occurs in diabetic retinopathy with neuronal loss, edema, glial cell reactivity and oxidative stress. Epacs, consisting of Epac1 and Epac2, are cAMP mediators playing important roles in maintenance of endothelial barrier and neuronal functions. To investigate the roles of Epacs in the pathogenesis of ischemic retinopathy, transient middle cerebral(More)
Previously, we reported that transgenic mice overexpressing endothelin-1 in astrocytes showed more severe neurological deficits and increased infarct after transient focal ischemia. In those studies, we also observed increased level of aldose reductase (AR), the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the polyol pathway, which has been implicated in osmotic and(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is synthesized by endothelial cells and astrocytes in stroke and in brains of Alzheimer's disease patients. Our transgenic mice with ET-1 overexpression in the endothelial cells (TET-1) showed more severe blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, neuronal apoptosis, and glial reactivity after 2-hour transient middle cerebral artery occlusion(More)
The proteomic approach is a valuable tool to detect and identify proteins that are associated with cancer. In previous investigations on experimentally induced rat hepatomas, we detected aldose reductase-like protein (ARLP) as a highly significant marker protein. Our present study was intended to look for the presence of similar tumor-associated marker(More)