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OBJECTIVE To develop and characterize utilization-based service areas for the United States which reflect the travel of Medicare beneficiaries to primary care clinicians. DATA SOURCE/STUDY SETTING The 1996-1997 Part B and 1996 Outpatient File primary care claims for fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older. The 1995 Medicaid claims from(More)
This study evaluates the effect of market-level physician and hospital resources on hospital use. It is anticipated that higher hospital discharges are associated with (1) greater hospital and physician resources, (2) more differentiated hospital and physician resources, and (3) higher levels of teaching intensity in the community. Data on 14 modified(More)
Data from a 1983-88 retrospective panel study of 797 rural (non-Metropolitan Statistical Area) U.S. hospitals revealed that less than one in five (18.7%) had any alcohol and chemical abuse (ACA) service. About one-third of both inpatient and outpatient services had been established during the study period, but few hospitals not offering these services(More)
The patient-centered medical home is an approach to comprehensive primary care relying on well-developed systems. Research has shown that for practices to meet patient-centered medical home requirements, care models may need to be redesigned. However, there is a dearth of information about what factors are important to achieve this goal. Self-report surveys(More)
One in five physicians practising in the US received their initial medical qualifications in another country. Contrary to expectations, a large cadre come from developed nations such as New Zealand and Australia. In particular, these two countries provide a unique prism with which to view the international flow of medical talent. While they differ from(More)
We review 1980s research on American rural hospitals within the context of a decade of increasing restrictiveness in the reimbursement and operating environments. Areas addressed include rural hospital definitions, organizational and financial performance, and strategic management activities. The latter category consists of hospital closure, diversification(More)
This study examines both the magnitude of and factors influencing the adoption of 13 horizontal and vertical integration and diversification strategies in a national sample of 797 U.S. rural hospitals during the period 1983-1988. Using organization theory, hypotheses were posed relating environmental and market factors, geographic location, and hospital(More)
In the United States, a debate has existed for decades about whether foreign-trained physicians (known in the US as 'international medical graduates' or 'IMGs') and US medical graduates (USMGs) have been differentially distributed such that IMGs were more likely to be found in locales characterized as high in need or medical underservice. This 'safety net'(More)