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Fatigue during hyperthermia may be due in part to a failure of the central nervous system to fully activate the working muscles. We investigated the effects of passive hyperthermia on maximal plantar flexor isometric torque (maximal isometric voluntary contraction) and voluntary activation to determine the roles of local skin temperature, core temperature,(More)
Cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD) is proposed to be a protective response to preserve tissue integrity in the extremities during cold exposure, but little research exists on either the trainability or the spatial pattern of CIVD response in the foot. We investigated the thermal response across the foot with repeated cold exposure. Ten healthy subjects(More)
We investigated whether cyclic elevations in index finger temperature (cold-induced vasodilatation, CIVD) during prolonged cold exposure correlated with hand temperature and neuromuscular function. Evoked twitch force of the first dorsal interosseus (FDI) muscle was measured every minute in eight males and four females [age 25.4 (5.7) years, mean (SD)](More)
We investigated the role of central and peripheral factors in repeated cold exposure of the hand and their effects on temperature response, neuromuscular function, and subjective thermal sensation. Eleven subjects immersed their left hand repeatedly in 8 degrees C cold water for 30 min, 5 d/week, for 2 weeks. Before and following the 2 weeks of exposure,(More)
The present study investigated relationships between changes in power output (PO) to torque (TOR) or freely chosen cadence (FCC) during thermal loading. Twenty participants cycled at a constant rating of perceived exertion while ambient temperature (Ta) was covertly manipulated at 20-min intervals of 20 °C, 35 °C, and 20 °C. The magnitude responses of PO,(More)
Cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD), a paradoxical cyclical increase in finger temperature upon cold exposure, is assumed to serve against cold injury. Most existing research has focused on hand and finger responses, yet most cold injuries occur in the feet. We investigated if CIVD responses of one finger can predict the responses of other fingers, and also(More)
Cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD) is proposed to be a protective response to prevent cold injuries in the extremities during cold exposure, but the laboratory-based trainability of CIVD responses in the hand remains equivocal. Therefore, we investigated the thermal response across the fingers with repeated local cold exposure of the whole hand, along with(More)
Traditionally, exercise in the heat has been assumed to be primarily limited by cardiovascular constraints. However, an evolutionary perspective suggests that psychological safeguards should also protect individuals prior to catastrophic hyperthermia, and exposure to hot environments or elevated body temperature may directly attenuate central drive for(More)
Subjects that repeatedly have to expose the extremities to cold may benefit from a high peripheral temperature to maintain dexterity and tissue integrity. Therefore, we investigated if repeated immersions of a hand and a foot in cold water resulted in increased skin temperatures. Nine male and seven female subjects (mean 20.4; SD 2.2 years) immersed their(More)
We examined the influence of 1) prior increase [preheating (PHT)], 2) increase throughout [heating (HT)], and 3) no increase [control (Con)] of body heat content (H(b)) on neuromuscular function and manual dexterity of the hands during a 130-min exposure to -20 degrees C (coldEx). Ten volunteers randomly underwent three passive coldEx, incorporating a(More)