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In all, 19 research subjects, with current histories of frequent cocaine use, were exposed to cocaine-related cues to elicit drug craving. We measured the change of occupancy of dopamine at D2-like receptors with positron emission tomography (PET) and inferred a change of intrasynaptic dopamine (endogenous dopamine release), based on the displacement of(More)
This phase III study evaluated the efficacy and safety of cariprazine, a dopamine D3 and D2 receptor partial agonist with preferential binding to D3 receptors, in patients with acute exacerbation of schizophrenia. Patients were randomized to 6-week double-blind treatment with placebo, cariprazine 3 to 6 mg/d, or cariprazine 6 to 9 mg/d. Primary and(More)
Over the last 20 years, glutamatergic models of schizophrenia have become increasingly accepted as etiopathological models of schizophrenia, based on the observation that phencyclidine (PCP) induces a schizophrenia-like psychosis by blocking neurotransmission at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptors. This article reviews developments in two(More)
INTRODUCTION Activation of metabotropic glutamate (mGluR2/3) receptors has been proposed as an alternative mechanism to dopaminergic-based antipsychotics to correct glutamatergic deficits hypothesized to underlie schizophrenia symptoms. This study investigates the efficacy and safety of AZD8529, a selective positive allosteric modulator (PAM) at the mGlu2(More)
Impaired P50 gating is a putative index of genetically mediated nicotinic dysfunction in schizophrenia. However, assessment is confounded, in patients, by differential effects of smoking, symptoms, and treatment. This double-blind placebo-controlled study was designed to tease apart the relationships among P50, acute and chronic nicotine exposure, and(More)
Cognitive impairment is prevalent in schizophrenia and is related to poorer functional and treatment outcomes. Cognitive assessment is therefore now a routine component of clinical trials of new treatments for schizophrenia. The current gold-standard for cognitive assessment in clinical trials for schizophrenia is the MATRICS (Measurement and Treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Combining two standard-of-care medications for Alzheimer's disease (AD) into a single once-daily dosage unit may improve treatment adherence, facilitate drug administration, and reduce caregiver burden. A new fixed-dose combination (FDC) capsule containing 28 mg memantine extended release (ER) and 10 mg donepezil was evaluated for bioequivalence(More)
Bipolar I disorder is a chronic disorder characterized by episodic recurrences of mania, depression, and mixed affective states interspersed with periods of full or partial remission; subsyndromal residual symptoms between episodes are common and disabling. Cariprazine, an atypical antipsychotic, is a potent dopamine D3 and D2 receptor partial agonist with(More)
Some 40 years ago phencyclidine (PCP) was developed as the prototype of a proposed new class of 'dissociative' general anesthetics, so called because it induced a marked dissociation from the environment without complete loss of consciousness. In the earliest clinical trials of PCP anesthesia, it was observed that as many as half the subjects experienced(More)
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