Stephen R. Planck

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Mast cells play an essential role during development of inflammation after chemical and immunological insults and have been implicated in tissue fibrosis and angiogenesis. The exact contribution of mast cells to these conditions is largely unknown. In this study, we found that a potent angiogenic and mitogenic polypeptide, basic fibroblast growth factor(More)
We previously reported that mast cells (MCs) serve as a source of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a potent angiogenic and mitogenic polypeptide, suggesting that bFGF may mediate MC-related neovascularization and fibroproliferation. Unlike many other growth factors, bFGF lacks a classic peptide sequence for its secretion, and the mechanism(s) for its(More)
Peripheral blood is an accessible and informative source of transcriptomal information for many human disease and pharmacogenomic studies. While there can be significant advantages to analyzing RNA isolated from whole blood, particularly in clinical studies, the preparation of samples for microarray analysis is complicated by the need to minimize artifacts(More)
INTRODUCTION Axial spondyloarthropathy (SpA) is a group of inflammatory diseases, with ankylosing spondylitis as the prototype. SpA affects the axial skeleton, entheses, joints and, at times, the eyes. This study tested the hypothesis that SpA is characterized by a distinct pattern of gene expression in peripheral blood of affected individuals compared with(More)
OBJECTIVE Blau syndrome is a rare, autosomal-dominant, autoinflammatory disorder characterized by granulomatous arthritis, uveitis, and dermatitis. Genetics studies have shown that the disease is caused by single nonsynonymous substitutions in NOD-2, a member of the NOD-like receptor or NACHT-leucine-rich repeat (NLR) family of intracellular proteins.(More)
PURPOSE Retinochoroidal infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii is the most common cause of posterior uveitis worldwide. Tachyzoites spread throughout the body through the blood stream and lymphatics, but preferentially encyst in the eye and other parts of the central nervous system (CNS). It is unknown whether T. gondii penetrates the CNS(More)
PURPOSE Fractalkine (FKN) is a dual-adhesion molecule-chemokine that plays a role in inflammation but has not been explored in the eye. In the current study, constitutive expression of FKN was identified in human iris and retina, and its regulation by various cytokines in endothelial cells (ECs) and stromal cells from human iris, retina, and choroid was(More)
The process of inflammation is accompanied by an alteration of leukocyte-endothelial dynamics. Reciprocal changes in the endothelium and the white cell permit the leukocyte to relinquish its normal free-flowing state in order to roll, arrest, and emigrate through the endothelium. Although intravital microscopy is an established method to observe this(More)
PURPOSE Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and its receptors could contribute to the development of proliferative retinal membranes, because PDGF is angiogenic and is both mitogenic and chemotactic for retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) and glial cells, components of membranes. The authors sought to determine whether PDGF ligands and their receptors were(More)
BACKGROUND Mast cells (MC) are involved in a wide spectrum of disorders characterized by neovascularization and fibroproliferation. We and others recently reported that human MC are a source of basic fibroblast growth factor (b FGF-2), a potent angiogenic and mitogenic polypeptide, in several disease conditions, such as chronic inflammation, hemangioma, and(More)