Learn More
BACKGROUND Microarray expression profiling has been widely used to identify differentially expressed genes in complex cellular systems. However, while such methods can be used to directly infer intracellular regulation within homogeneous cell populations, interpretation of in vivo gene expression data derived from complex organs composed of multiple cell(More)
The use of DNA microarrays to study vertebrate organogenesis presents unique analytical challenges compared with expression profiling of homogeneous cell populations. We have used a general approach that permits the automated, unbiased identification of biologically relevant patterns of gene expression to study murine mammary gland development. Our studies(More)
BACKGROUND Data conflict with regard to whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α agonism suppresses inflammation in humans. We hypothesized that in healthy adults peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α agonism with fenofibrate would blunt the induced immune responses to endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]), an in vivo model for the study(More)
Epidemiological studies have repeatedly demonstrated that women who undergo an early first full-term pregnancy have a significantly reduced lifetime risk of breast cancer. Similarly, rodents that have previously undergone a full-term pregnancy are highly resistant to carcinogen-induced breast cancer compared with age-matched nulliparous controls. Little(More)
Elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is associated with cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease. As a potential mediating mechanism, FGF23 induces left ventricular hypertrophy; however, its role in arterial calcification is less clear. In order to study this, we quantified coronary artery and thoracic aorta calcium by computed(More)
BACKGROUND Multimodal data, especially imaging and non-imaging data, is being routinely acquired in the context of disease diagnostics; however, computational challenges have limited the ability to quantitatively integrate imaging and non-imaging data channels with different dimensionalities and scales. To the best of our knowledge relatively few attempts(More)
Race- and gender-variation in innate immunity may contribute to demographic differences in inflammatory and cardiometabolic disease; yet their influence on dynamic responses during inflammatory stress is poorly understood. Our objective was to examine race and gender influence on the response to experimental endotoxemia. The Genetics of Evoked Responses to(More)
Quantitative histomorphometry (QH), computational tools to analyze digitized tissue histology, has become increasingly important for aiding pathologists in assessing cancer severity. In this study, we introduce a novel set of QH features utilizing co-occurring gland tensors (CGT) in localized cluster graphs to quantitatively evaluate prostate cancer (CaP)(More)
We describe a novel algorithm (ChipStat) for detecting gene-expression changes utilizing probe-level comparisons of replicate Affymetrix oligonucleotide microarray data. A combined detection approach is shown to yield greater sensitivity than a number of widely used methodologies including SAM, dChip and logit-T. Using this approach, we identify alterations(More)
  • Maria R. Wing, Wei Yang, Valerie Teal, Sankar Navaneethan, Kaixiang Tao, Akinlolu Ojo +14 others
  • 2014
Objective—To examine the race-specific association of inflammation with adiposity and muscle mass in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Renal Insufficiency Cohort study participants. Bioelectric impedance analysis was used to determine body fat mass (BFM) and fat free mass (FFM). Results—Plasma levels of hs-CRP, fibrinogen, IL-1RA, IL-6, and TNF-α(More)