Stephen R. Jennings

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The precise role of each of the seven individual CD11c+ dendritic cell subsets (DCs) identified to date in the response to viral infections is not known. DCs serve as critical links between the innate and adaptive immune responses against many pathogens, including herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). The role of DCs as mediators of resistance to HSV-1(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hypochlorous acid (HOCl), and monochloramine (NH2Cl), at concentrations produced by activated neutrophils, promote leukocyte adherence to microvascular endothelium in post-capillary venules. Cat mesenteric venules (30-45 microns diameter) were examined using intravital video(More)
The cytolytic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response to respiratory infection with equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) in CBA (H-2(k)) mice was investigated. Intranasal (i.n.) inoculation of mice with the attenuated EHV-1 strain KyA resulted in the generation of a primary virus-specific CTL response in the draining mediastinal lymph nodes 5 days following infection.(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with Th1/Th2 cytokine dysregulation, leukocyte extravasation, and tissue edema, but the mechanisms for cytokine-mediated vascular dysfunction are not understood. To investigate how cytokines might control edema in IBD, we determined vascular permeability and IFN-gamma expression in two models of murine colitis:(More)
Analyses of the synthesis and processing of recombinant full-length glycoprotein D of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1; gD392) or recombinant truncated gD (gD352) expressed in baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells revealed the following: (1) gD polypeptides encoded by both recombinant baculoviruses react with gD-specific antibodies including peptide-specific(More)
To understand the cellular basis for recovery from HSV infection, it is critical to identify functional interactions between HSV-specific T lymphocyte subpopulations involved in the generation of the optimal response. To this end, the requirement for CD4+ (L3T4+) T lymphocytes in the development of the primary and secondary CD8+ (Lyt-2+) cytolytic T(More)
CD8(+) T cells are a critical component of the adaptive immune response against infections and tumors. A current paradigm in immunology is that naive CD8(+) T cells require CD28 costimulation, whereas memory CD8(+) T cells do not. We show here, however, that during viral infections of mice, costimulation is required in vivo for the reactivation of memory(More)
Although neutrophils have been implicated in the hepatic injury elicited by gut ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), the contribution of other leukocyte populations to this injury process remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine whether lymphocytes contribute to gut I/R-induced microvascular dysfunction and inflammatory responses in the liver.(More)
Human T cell leukemia virus type 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is characterized by the generation of an intense CTL cell response directed against the viral transactivator protein Tax. In addition, patients diagnosed with HAM/TSP exhibit rapid activation and maturation of dendritic cells (DC), likely contributing to the(More)
Herpes simplex viruses are ubiquitous human pathogens represented by two distinct serotypes: herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 (HSV-1); and HSV type 2 (HSV-2). In the general population, adult seropositivity rates approach 90 % for HSV-1 and 20–25 % for HSV-2. These viruses cause significant morbidity, primarily as mucosal membrane lesions in the form of(More)