Stephen R. Dlouhy

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By simultaneously amplifying more than one locus in the same reaction, multiplex PCR is becoming a rapid and convenient screening assay in both the clinical and the research laboratory. While numerous papers and manuals discuss in detail conditions influencing the quality of PCR in general, relatively little has been published about the important(More)
We demonstrate that the previously described gene Androgen binding protein (Abp; Dlouhy and Karn, 1984) codes for the Alpha subunit of ABP and rename the locus Androgen binding protein alpha (Abpa). A study of recombinant inbred strains demonstrates that Abpa is located on chromosome 7 near Glucose phosphate isomerase-1 (Gpi-1). Biochemical and genetic(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by a triplet (CAG) expansion mutation. The length of the triplet repeat is the most important factor in determining age of onset of HD, although substantial variability remains after controlling for repeat length. The Venezuelan HD kindreds encompass 18,149 individuals(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), a cerebello-pyramidal syndrome associated with dementia and caused by mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP), is phenotypically heterogeneous. The molecular mechanisms responsible for such heterogeneity are unknown. Since we hypothesize that prion protein (PrP) heterogeneity may be associated with(More)
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease is an autosomal dominant disorder with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations including ataxia, spastic paraparesis, extrapyramidal signs, and dementia. The patients present with symptoms in the third to sixth decade of life and the mean duration of illness is five years. Mutations at codons 102, 105, 117, 145, 198(More)
The genes for salivary androgen-binding protein (ABP) subunits have been evolving rapidly in ancestors of the house mouse Mus musculus, as evidenced both by recent and extensive gene duplication and by high ratios of nonsynonymous to synonymous nucleotide substitution rates. This makes ABP an appropriate model system with which to investigate how recent(More)
Two families with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) are atypical in possessing neocortical neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), which are few or absent in other kindreds with GSS, in additon to amyloid plaques that react with prion protein (PrP) antibodies and protease-resistant PrP accumulation in the brain. A leucine substitution at PrP codon 102(More)
We have searched for genetic variation in the expression of salivary androgen-binding protein (ABP) in a wide variety of mice and other rodents. ABP was present in the salivas of mice of all species and subspecies studied. Genetic studies have identified three common variants of the ABP Alpha subunit (Abpaa, Abpab, and Abpac) in Mus musculus populations(More)
Alternative products of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP), proteolipid protein (PLP) and DM20, are major components of compact myelin in the central nervous system, but quantitatively minor constituents of Schwann cells. A family with a null allele of PLP has a less severe CNS phenotype than those with other types of PLP mutations. Moreover, individuals(More)
A mutation in the G-protein-linked inwardly rectifying K+ channel 2 gene (Girk2) is the cause of the weaver mouse phenotype. We determined that the originally published Girk2 transcript is composed of five exons. The primary coding exon (designated exon 4a in our system) encodes over two-thirds of the protein. Five different full-length Girk2 transcript(More)