Stephen P. Watson

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This review summarizes recent developments in our understanding of the molecular basis of platelet activation by two distinct types of surface receptor, the immunoglobulin GPVI, and the integrin alphaIIb beta3 (also known as GPIIbIIIa). These two classes of receptor signal through similar yet distinct tyrosine kinase-based signaling cascades leading to(More)
The snake venom rhodocytin has been reported to bind to integrin alpha2beta1 and glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha on platelets, but it is also able to induce activation independent of the 2 receptors and of GPVI. Using rhodocytin affinity chromatography, we have identified a novel C-type lectin receptor, CLEC-2, in platelets that confers signaling responses to(More)
It has become clear that platelets are not simply cell fragments that plug the leak in a damaged blood vessel; they are, in fact, also key components in the innate immune system, which is supported by the presence of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on platelets. As the cells that respond first to a site of injury, they are well placed to direct the immune(More)
Many hormones or neurotransmitters act at cell surface receptors to increase the intracellular free calcium concentration, triggering a wide range of cellular responses. As the source of this Ca2+ is often internal stores, additional messengers are required to convey the hormonal message from the plasma membrane. Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) has been proposed(More)
The Ca2+-sensitive 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is responsible for thrombin-stimulated mobilization of arachidonic acid for the synthesis of thromboxane A2 in human platelets. We have previously shown that thrombin activates p38 kinase, a recently discovered new member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family (Kramer, R. M., Roberts, E.(More)
The use of selective agonists in both functional and binding studies has provided unequivocal evidence for the existence of three types of tachykinin receptor (NK(1), NK(2) and NK(3)); there is also preliminary evidence for the existence of further subtypes. These results have been confirmed by the development of selective antagonists and by the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Trichohepatoenteric syndrome (THES) is an autosomal-recessive disorder characterized by life-threatening diarrhea in infancy, immunodeficiency, liver disease, trichorrhexis nodosa, facial dysmorphism, hypopigmentation, and cardiac defects. We attempted to characterize the phenotype and elucidate the molecular basis of THES. METHODS(More)
We have previously reported that in thrombin-stimulated human platelets, cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA2) is phosphorylated on Ser-505 by p38 protein kinase and on Ser-727 by an unknown kinase. Pharmacological inhibition of p38 leads to inhibition of cPLA2 phosphorylation at both Ser-505 and Ser-727 suggesting that the kinase responsible for(More)
The present study identifies the phosphorylation sites of the 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) in human platelets and HeLa cells. Tryptic digests of 32P-phosphorylated and -immunoprecipitated cPLA2 were analyzed by microbore high performance liquid chromatography and two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping against synthetic phosphopeptide standards.(More)