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5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptors are cation-selective transmitter-gated ion channels of the Cys-loop superfamily. The single-channel conductance of human recombinant 5-HT3 receptors assembled as homomers of 5-HT3A subunits, or heteromers of 5-HT3A and 5-HT3B subunits, are markedly different, being 0.4 pS (refs 6, 9) and 16 pS (ref. 7),(More)
Several of the actions of ethanol are mediated by gamma-aminobutyrate type A (GABA(A)) receptors. Here we demonstrated that mutant mice lacking protein kinase C epsilon (PKCepsilon) were more sensitive than wild-type littermates to the acute behavioral effects of ethanol and other drugs that allosterically activate GABA(A) receptors. GABA(A) receptors in(More)
Homomeric 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3A receptors (5-HT3ARs) have a single channel conductance (gamma) below the resolution of single channel recording (966 +/- 75 fS, estimated by variance analysis). By contrast, heteromeric 5-HT3A/B and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have picosiemen range gamma values. In this study, single channel recordings(More)
Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders. Typical medications used to treat patients are benzodiazepines or antidepressants that target serotonin (5-HT) activity. The ionotropic 5-HT(3) receptor has emerged as a potential therapeutic target because selective antagonist compounds reduce anxiety in rodents, primates, and humans. 5-HT binds(More)
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is known to modulate feeding, obesity, and ethanol intake. Neuropeptide-Y (NPY), which is released endogenously by neurons projecting from the arcuate nucleus to the PVN, is one of the most potent stimulants of feeding behavior known. The role of NPY in the PVN on ethanol self-administration is unknown.(More)
Endogenous pregnane neurosteroids are allosteric modulators at gamma-aminobutyric acid type-A (GABAA) receptors at nanomolar concentrations. There is direct evidence for multiple distinct neurosteroid binding sites on GABAA receptors, dependent upon subunit composition and stoichiometry. This view is supported by the biphasic kinetics of various neuroactive(More)
This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2000 ISBRA Meeting in Yokohama, Japan. The chairs were R. Adron Harris and Susumu Ueno. The presentations were (1) Protein kinase Cepsilon-regulated sensitivity of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors to allosteric agonists, by Robert O. Messing, A. M. Sanchez-Perez, C. W. Hodge, T.(More)
RATIONALE The neurobiological systems that mediate the discriminative stimulus effects of self-administered drugs are largely unknown. The present study examined the discriminative stimulus effects of self-administered ethanol. METHODS Rats were trained to discriminate ethanol (1 g/kg, IP) from saline on a two-lever drug discrimination task with sucrose(More)
The ionotropic serotonin subtype-3 (5-HT3) receptor has emerged as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of alcohol abuse and alcoholism because selective pharmacological antagonists reduce alcohol consumption in preclinical and clinical models. 5-HT binds to the extracellular N-terminus of the 5-HT(3A) receptor subunit but receptor activation is(More)
The main purpose of this study was to explore the role of the hippocampus in motivated behavior. Rats with bilateral excitotoxic lesions of the hippocampus and controls were trained to lever press for electrical stimulation of the ventral tegmental area. Rate intensity functions were generated from an ascending and descending series of current intensities.(More)