Stephen P. Jenkinson

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The development of mechanisms of neurotransmitter release is an important component in the formation of functional synaptic connections. Synaptic neurotransmitter release can be modulated by nitric oxide, a compound shown to have a variety of physiologic functions in the nervous system. The goal of this study was to determine whether, during synaptic(More)
Insurmountable antagonism (maximal response to the agonist depressed) can result from a temporal inequilibrium involving a slow offset orthosteric antagonist or be the result of an allosteric modulation of the receptor. The former mechanism is operative when the antagonist, agonist, and receptors cannot come to proper equilibrium during the time allotted(More)
The effects of valproate (30-500 mg/kg), alone and in combination with picrotoxin (1.5 mg/kg) or RO 15-1788 (10 mg/kg) were studied in two experiments on hyponeophagia in rats. Valproate reduced eating latency and increased eating time and amount eaten of novel food, except at 500 mg/kg which reduced feeding. Picrotoxin induced generally opposite actions(More)
The detection and identification of botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) is complex due to the existence of seven serotypes, derived mosaic toxins and more than 40 subtypes. Expert laboratories currently use different technical approaches to detect, identify and quantify BoNT, but due to the lack of (certified) reference materials, analytical results can hardly be(More)
The effects of lithium on muscarinic cholinoceptor-stimulated phosphoinositide turnover have been investigated in rat hippocampal, striatal, and cerebral cortical slices using [3H]inositol or [3H]cytidine prelabelling and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate [Ins(1,3,4,5)P4] mass determination methods. Carbachol(More)
Clostridium botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are the most poisonous naturally occurring protein toxins known to mankind and are the causative agents of the severe and potentially life-threatening disease botulism. They are also known for their application as cosmetics and as unique bio-pharmaceuticals to treat an increasing number of neurological and(More)
This report represents work of WPI undergraduate students submitted to the faculty as evidence of a degree requirement. WPI routinely publishes these reports on its web site without editorial or peer review. For more information about the projects program at WPI, see ABSTRACT This project involved the redesign of a two decade old single screw plastic(More)
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