Stephen P. Creekmore

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We have recently described molecular changes in T cells from tumor-bearing patients that are associated with depressed immune function. The present work investigates changes in T-cell signal transduction proteins including the T-cell receptor-zeta (TCR-zeta) chain and receptor-associated tyrosine kinases in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma. A(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin-15 (IL-15) has significant potential in cancer immunotherapy as an activator of antitumor CD8 T and natural killer (NK) cells. The primary objectives of this trial were to determine safety, adverse event profile, dose-limiting toxicity, and maximum-tolerated dose of recombinant human IL-15 (rhIL-15) administered as a daily intravenous(More)
Lymphomas express a tumor-specific antigen which can be targeted by cancer vaccination. We evaluated the ability of a new idiotype protein vaccine formulation to eradicate residual t(14;18)+ lymphoma cells in 20 patients in a homogeneous, chemotherapy-induced first clinical complete remission. All 11 patients with detectable translocations in their primary(More)
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is important for thymopoiesis in mice and humans because IL-7 receptor alpha (IL-7Ralpha) mutations result in a severe combined immunodeficiency phenotype with severe thymic hypoplasia. Recent evidence has indicated that IL-7 also plays an important role as a regulator of T-cell homeostasis. Here we report the immunologic effects of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the hemodynamic alterations occurring during therapy with the maximally tolerated doses of interleukin-2 and lymphokine-activated killer cells. DESIGN Case series. SETTING Referal-based inpatient oncology service at a university medical center. PATIENTS A sequential sample of 13 patients with metastatic colon carcinoma,(More)
Recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) (NSC# 600664; Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc., Nutley, NJ) was studied in a phase I clinical trial in 33 patients with advanced, measureable cancer of the colon or malignant melanoma, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status O-1, and no prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The goal of the study was to identify a(More)
We evaluated the toxic, hematopoietic, and immunomodulatory effects of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rHuGM-CSF). The rHuGM-CSF was administered at doses up to 50 micrograms/kg by daily 2-hour intravenous infusions to 11 patients with advanced malignancy. It induced dose-related increases in cells of the myeloid series,(More)
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a cytokine with potential therapeutic application in individuals with cancer or immunodeficiency to promote natural killer (NK)- and T-cell activation and proliferation or in vaccination protocols to generate long-lived memory T cells. Here we report that 10-50 μg/kg IL-15 administered intravenously daily for 12 days to rhesus(More)
Recombinant interleukin-2 (IL-2) infusions have recently been evaluated as a new form of immunotherapy for the treatment of malignancies. This form of therapy has been complicated by the development of fluid retention, azotemia, and hypophosphatemia. To evaluate the effects of IL-2 on renal function, we prospectively studied eight patients who received IL-2(More)
A colorimetric cell proliferation assay using soluble tetrazolium salt [(CellTiter 96(R) Aqueous One Solution) cell proliferation reagent, containing the (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt) and an electron coupling reagent phenazine ethosulfate], was optimized and qualified for quantitative(More)