Stephen P Arold

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The apolipoprotein E4 allele (APOE4) contributes to Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk and APOE2 is protective, but the relevant cellular mechanisms are unknown. We have used flow cytometry analysis to measure apolipoprotein E (apoE) and amyloid beta peptide (Aβ) levels in large populations of synaptic terminals from AD and aged cognitively normal controls, and(More)
We developed a network model in an attempt to characterize heterogeneity of tissue elasticity of the lung. The model includes a parallel set of pathways, each consisting of an airway resistance, an airway inertance, and a tissue element connected in series. The airway resistance, airway inertance, and the hysteresivity of the tissue elements were the same(More)
We investigated the relationship between the microscopic elastic and hysteretic behavior of the alveolar walls and the macroscopic mechanical properties of the whole lung in an in vivo elastase-treated rat model of emphysema. We measured the input impedance of isolated lungs at three levels of transpulmonary pressure (Ptp) and used a linear model to(More)
In lung diseases such as asthma, expiratory flow becomes limited, airways can collapse and the vital exchange of gases is compromised. Here we model the inflation of collapsed regions of the lung during inspiration in terms of avalanches propagating through a bifurcating network of airways, and find that the accompanying cascade of dynamic pressure(More)
The pulmonary epithelium is exposed to mechanical strains during normal breathing or mechanical ventilation. While important for the regulation of cellular processes, excessive strains damage epithelial cells. To investigate the effects of strain on the epithelium, we developed a stretching device to apply equi-biaxial strains to cells cultured on elastic(More)
BACKGROUND Airway narrowing associated with chronic asthma results in the transmission of injurious compressive forces to the bronchial epithelium and promotes the release of pro-inflammatory mediators and the denudation of the bronchial epithelium. While the individual effects of compression or denudation are well characterized, there is no data to(More)
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