Learn More
Several lines of evidence suggest a link between the alpha7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and brain disorders including schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and traumatic brain injury. The present work describes a novel molecule, 1-(5-chloro-2,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-3-(5-methyl-isoxazol-3-yl)-urea (PNU-120596), which acts as a powerful(More)
The cloning and expression of genes encoding for the human neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) has opened new possibilities for investigating their physiological and pharmacological properties. Cells (HEK 293) stably transfected with two of the major brain subunits, alpha4 and beta2, were characterized electrophysiologically using the(More)
Development of analgesic agents for the treatment of severe pain requires the identification of compounds that are devoid of opioid receptor liabilities. A potent (inhibition constant = 37 picomolar) neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligand called ABT-594 was developed that has antinociceptive properties equal in efficacy to those of(More)
Methyllycaconitine (MLA) is the most potent and selective antagonist of the alpha-bungarotoxin sensitive neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). In the present study, an accurate and reproducible technique for the extraction and analysis of MLA from rat plasma and brain is described. This study further sought to determine whether(More)
The present study describes substantial, selective, age-related loss of the putative inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CIC) of rat based on immunocytochemical and neurochemical data. For immunocytochemistry, neurons in the CIC were immunolabeled using an antibody against a GABA conjugate in young adult (2-(More)
The effects of peripherally administered thyroid hormone (TH; 500 micrograms/kg; i.p.; q.d.) on the relative abundances of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) RNA were determined by rtPCR in the cortex and hippocampus of young adult rats. Corresponding changes in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)(More)
Septal lesions disrupt septohippocampal neurotransmission and impair spatial memory. (-)-Nicotine reduces the memory deficits but has substantial side effect liabilities. Previous studies have demonstrated that ABT-418 is a novel, selective ligand for neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. In the current study, ABT-418 (0.19 and 1.9 mumol/kg, i.p.)(More)
Voltage-gated calcium channel (Ca(v))2.2 (N-type calcium channels) are key components in nociceptive transmission pathways. Ziconotide, a state-independent peptide inhibitor of Ca(v)2.2 channels, is efficacious in treating refractory pain but exhibits a narrow therapeutic window and must be administered intrathecally. We have discovered an N-triazole(More)
In previous experiments we implicated projections from the medial geniculate body (MG) to a subcortical field, involving portions of the posterior caudate-putamen and amygdala, in the classical conditioning of emotional responses to acoustic stimuli in the rat. In the present series of experiments we examined whether intrinsic neurons in the subcortical(More)
(2.4)-Dimethoxybenzylidene anabaseine dihydrochloride (GTS-21), a compound that interacts with rat neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), was evaluated using human recombinant nAChRs in vitro and various pharmacokinetic and behavioral models in rodents, dogs and monkeys. GTS-21 bound to human alpha 4 beta 2 nAChR (K1-20 nM) 100-fold more(More)