Stephen O. Olonitola

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In Nigeria, the country with the second largest number of HIV-1-infected people globally, antiretroviral therapy rollout is now widespread with an increasing number of individuals and communities benefitting. However, the drug resistance profile of patients initiating or failing on antiretroviral therapy is not well characterized. Here we studied the(More)
HIV-1 CRF02_AG and subtype G (HIV-1G) account for most HIV infections in Nigeria, but their evolutionary trends have not been well documented. To better elucidate the dynamics of the epidemic in Nigeria we characterised the gag and env genes of North-Central Nigerian HIV-1 isolates from pregnant women. Of 28 samples sequenced in both genes, the predominant(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine factors associated with the observed high prevalence of HIV in North-Central Nigeria. METHODS In a cross-sectional multisite study conducted in 2007, behavioral, medical, and demographic data were obtained from pregnant women (N = 1011) who were tested for the presence of antibody against HIV-1 and HIV-2. RESULTS The overall(More)
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