Stephen O. Mathew

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CS1 (CRACC, CD319) and 2B4 (CD244), members of the signalling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) family receptors, regulate various immune functions. Genes encoding SLAM family receptors are located at 1q23, implicated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we have investigated the expression and alternative splicing of CS1 and 2B4 in(More)
Cytotoxic T cells play a critical role in the control of HIV and the progression of infected individuals to AIDS. 2B4 (CD244) is a member of the SLAM family of receptors that regulate lymphocyte development and function. The expression of 2B4 on CD8+ T cells was shown to increase during AIDS disease progression. However, the functional role of 2B4+ CD8+ T(More)
CS1 (CRACC, CD319), a member of the CD2 family of cell surface receptors, is implicated in the activation of NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Previous studies showed that CS1 is also expressed on activated B cells. However, the functional role of CS1 in human B-lymphocytes is not known. Two isoforms of CS1, CS1-L and CS1-S, are expressed in human NK cells(More)
Interaction between receptors and ligands plays a critical role in the generation of immune responses. The 2B4 (CD244), a member of the CD2 subset of the Ig superfamily, is the high affinity ligand for CD48. It is expressed on NK cells, T cells, monocytes, and basophils. Recent data indicate that 2B4/CD48 interactions regulate NK and T lymphocyte functions.(More)
CS1 (CRACC, CD319, SLAMF7) is a member of the Signaling Lymphocyte Activation Molecule family expressed on immune cells mediating host defense. CS1 is a self-ligand and has both activating and inhibitory functions in Natural Killer cells. However, the function of CS1 in human monocytes is currently unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the(More)
2B4 (CD244), a member of the signaling lymphocyte-activation molecule (SLAM/CD150), is expressed on all NK cells, a subpopulation of T cells, monocytes and basophils. Human NK cells express two isoforms of 2B4, h2B4-A and h2B4-B that differ in a small portion of the extracellular domain. In the present investigation, we have studied the functions of h2B4-A(More)
2B4 (CD244), a member of the CD2 subset of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is important for stimulating human natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity and cytokine production. It is expressed on all NK cells, a subpopulation of T cells, monocytes, basophils and eosinophils. 2B4 interaction with its ligand CD48 regulates NK, T and B lymphocyte functions and(More)
NK cell function is closely regulated by numerous inhibitory and activating receptors binding corresponding ligands on the surface of target cells, providing vital first line defenses against infections and cancer. NKp44, originally discovered as an activating NK cell receptor, was recently found to elicit inhibitory effects on NK cell effector function(More)
Preterm labor (PTL) is defined as uterine irritability accompanied by cervical dilation and/or effecement that occurs before 37 weeks gestation. In most cases, PTL becomes preterm delivery (PTD), accounting for 8% to 10% of births in the United States. Fetuses born before 37 weeks' gestation are at risk for a multitude of health and developmental problems.(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell functions are regulated by a delicate balance of signals received through activating and inhibitory receptors expressed on the cell surface. Lectin-like transcript-1 (LLT1), expressed on a subpopulation of NK cells and other immune cells is a ligand for the NK cell inhibitory receptor, NKR-P1A (CD161). Previous studies showed that(More)