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The objectives were to 1) evaluate genetic relationships of sex-specific indicators of carcass merit obtained by using ultrasound with carcass traits of steers; 2) estimate genetic parameters needed to implement combined analyses of carcass and indicator traits to produce unified national cattle evaluations for LM area, subcutaneous fat depth (SQF), and(More)
The objectives were to estimate genetic parameters needed to elucidate the relationships of a molecular breeding value (MBV) for marbling, intramuscular fat (IMF) of yearling bulls measured with ultrasound, and marbling score (MRB) of slaughtered steers, and to assess the utility of MBV and IMF in predicting the breeding value for MRB. Records for MRB (n =(More)
Mature size records collected on Angus cows of 5 to 12 yr of age were used to estimate heritabilities, genetic correlations, and EPD for mature weight and mature height. A total of 256 sires were evaluated using mature size data collected on 2,732 daughters. Data were analyzed using REML procedures with a two-trait sire model to estimate sire and error(More)
The American Angus Association has sponsored a carcass evaluation since 1974. The carcass data collected as a part of this program are used by the association to conduct a biannual sire evaluation for carcass merit. This paper presents age-adjustment factors and genetic parameter estimates for carcass traits to be used in the Angus carcass genetic(More)
Genetic parameters for nuclear and cytoplasmic genetic effects were estimated from preweaning growth data collected on three synthetic lines of beef cattle differing in mature size. Lines of small-, medium-, and large-framed calves were represented in each of two research herds (Rhodes and McNay). Variance components were estimated separately by herd and(More)
The National Beef Quality Audit-1995 was conducted to evaluate the progress of the beef industry since the time of the National Beef Quality Audit-1991 in improving quality and consistency of beef. Nine plants were assigned for auditing to Colorado State University, Oklahoma State University, and Texas A&M University. Personnel from each institution visited(More)
Coordinated attacks and probes have been observed against several networks that we protect. We describe some of these attacks and provide insight into how and why they are carried out. We also suggest hypotheses for some of the more puzzling probes. Methods for detecting these coordinated attacks are provided.
Advances in genomics, molecular biology, and statistical genetics have created a paradigm shift in the way livestock producers pursue genetic improvement in their herds. The nexus of these technologies has resulted in combining genotypic and phenotypic information to compute genomically enhanced measures of genetic merit of individual animals. However,(More)
Dominance and additive x additive genetic variances were estimated for birth and weaning traits of calves from three synthetic lines of beef cattle differing in mature size. Data consisted of 3,992 and 2,877 records from lines of small-, medium-, and large-framed calves in each of two research herds located at Rhodes and McNay, IA, respectively. Variance(More)
Weight, height, and body condition score data supplied by the American Angus Association were used to determine the effect of body condition score on cow weight and to compute condition score adjustment factors. Single records on 11,301 cows for weight and 7,769 cows for height were collected at or near weaning, at which time a subjective condition score(More)