Stephen Munns

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BACKGROUND Cold packs are commonly used by clinicians, trainers, and others, often as an interim treatment for many acute conditions, but the extent of temperature change associated with this form of treatment remains poorly understood. METHODS In 16 healthy male and female volunteers aged 25.4 +/- 3.6 yr, we monitored skin temperature, and recorded the(More)
This study aimed to describe the effects of change in environmental temperature, hypoxia, and hypercapnia on the breathing pattern of Crocodylus porosus. Increased environmental temperature, hypoxia, and hypercapnia each caused an increase in minute ventilation and changes in breathing pattern. Breathing frequency increased and the duration of the(More)
This study examined the role of pulmonary vagal feedback on hypercapnic chemosensitivity and breathing pattern formation in cane toads (Bufo marinus). Decerebrate, paralysed toads were uni-directionally ventilated with air, 2.5% CO(2) or 5.0% CO(2) with the lungs inflated or deflated, before and after pulmonary vagotomy. Motor output from the mandibular(More)
M. Axelsson, Q. Dang, K. Pitsillides, S. Munns, J. Hicks, and G. S. Kassab Department of Zoology, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana; EndoSomatic Technologies LLC, Sacramento, California; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology,(More)
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