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BACKGROUND The course of postnatal depression was examined in first-time mothers and fathers with emphasis on the role of personality and parental relationships as risk factors. METHOD 157 couples were assessed at four points: antenatally and at 6, 12 and 52 weeks postnatally. Various measures of mood and personality were administered at each of these(More)
BACKGROUND Although anxiety disorders are documented in the literature for new mothers (but less so for fathers), rates of postpartum caseness tend to include only those with depression when diagnostic interviews or self-report measures validated on such interviews are used. This methodology therefore underestimates the true percentage of women and men who(More)
BACKGROUND The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has been validated and used extensively in screening for depression in new mothers, both in English speaking and non-English speaking communities. While some studies have reported the use of the EPDS with fathers, none have validated it for this group, and thus the appropriate cut-off score for(More)
Screening for postnatal mood disorders in English-speaking women often uses the validated cut-off score of 13 or more on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) to detect probable major depression. Increasingly there is evidence that for many women, and men, anxiety disorders can occur postnatally in the absence of depression. This study therefore(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that many women in the postnatal period experience clinically significant levels of anxiety but do not meet full diagnostic criteria for an existing anxiety disorder. In this study, 167 women with infants aged 2 weeks to 12 months were interviewed for current and lifetime history of depression and anxiety disorders using the(More)
OBJECTIVES i) To highlight the increasing use in the literature of unvalidated cut-off scores on the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS/EPDS), as well as different wording and formatting in the scale; ii) to investigate and discuss the possible impact of using an unvalidated cut-off score; iii) to highlight possible reasons for these 'errors'; and iv) to make(More)
BACKGROUND The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was developed as a uni-dimensional measure of depression, however there is evidence that it also measures anxiety. This study examined the factor structure of the EPDS and validity of the identified subscales. METHOD 309 women with infants aged up to 12 months completed the EPDS, BDI-II, BAI and(More)
  • S Matthey
  • 2001
OBJECTIVE To determine the psychometric properties of a parent-report questionnaire (Sleep and Settle Questionnaire (SSQ)) assessing: (i) the infant's sleep and settling behaviour, and (ii) the parent's level of concern with such behaviours. METHODOLOGY Test-retest reliability was determined by administering the SSQ to 20 mothers on two occasions, 7-14(More)
In addition to research applications, the measurement of perceived parental self-efficacy (PPSE) could be useful clinically in screening for parenting difficulties, targeting interventions, and evaluating outcomes. In this research we examined the psychometric properties of the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale (KPCS), a new 15-item PPSE measure. A(More)
BACKGROUND The rate of psychiatric disorders in motherhood is often estimated on the percentage of women scoring high on validated self-report mood measures such as the Edinburgh Depression Scale. Screening for possible current or likely future distress also uses self-report mood measures, as well as additional psychosocial questions. METHODS This paper(More)