Stephen Matthew Carpenter

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The records of 34 patients over 16 years of age with cerebellar medulloblastoma were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were treated by surgery, and all surviving patients were given radiation therapy. The imaging characteristics of this rare entity were evaluated with regard to the tumor location in the cerebellum, and the prognostic effects of(More)
This report describes 60 dural specimens from patients with pituitary adenomas treated by transsphenoidal microsurgery, and attempts to define more precisely the clinical and pathological correlation of microscopic dural invasion. Analysis of the adenomas was based on four characteristics; size, surgical invasiveness (based on the surgeon's assessment of(More)
T cell vaccines against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and other pathogens are based on the principle that memory T cells rapidly generate effector responses upon challenge, leading to pathogen clearance. Despite eliciting a robust memory CD8+ T cell response to the immunodominant Mtb antigen TB10.4 (EsxH), we find the increased frequency of(More)
The immune system can recognize virtually any antigen, yet T cell responses against several pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis, are restricted to a limited number of immunodominant epitopes. The host factors that affect immunodominance are incompletely understood. Whether immunodominant epitopes elicit protective CD8+ T cell responses or(More)
IL-21 is produced predominantly by activated CD4+ T cells and has pleiotropic effects on immunity via the IL-21 receptor (IL-21R), a member of the common gamma chain (γc) cytokine receptor family. We show that IL-21 signaling plays a crucial role in T cell responses during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection by augmenting CD8+ T cell priming, promoting T(More)
The immune system can recognize virtually any antigen, yet T cell responses against several pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis, are restricted to a limited number of immunodominant epitopes. The host factors that affect immunodominance are incompletely understood. Whether immunodominant epitopes elicit protective CD8+ T cell responses or(More)
A series of 75 patients with acromegaly and immunocytochemically characterized pituitary adenomas has been analyzed. Tumors secreting growth hormone (GH) only were found in 21% of cases. The remainder had tumors immunoreactive for more than one pituitary hormone: GH and prolactin in 31%; GH, prolactin, and glycoprotein in 40%; and GH and glycoprotein in 8%.(More)
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