Stephen Marsh

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Neuronal hyperexcitability is a feature of epilepsy and both inflammatory and neuropathic pain. M currents [IK(M)] play a key role in regulating neuronal excitability, and mutations in neuronal KCNQ2/3 subunits, the molecular correlates of IK(M), have previously been linked to benign familial neonatal epilepsy. Here, we demonstrate that KCNQ/M channels are(More)
M-type K(+) currents (I(K(M))) play a key role in regulating neuronal excitability. In sympathetic neurons, M-channels are thought to be composed of a heteromeric assembly of KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 K(+) channel subunits. Here, we have tried to identify the KCNQ subunits that are involved in the generation of I(K(M)) in hippocampal pyramidal neurons cultured from(More)
The relationship between receptor-induced membrane phosphatidylinositol-4'5'-bisphosphate (PIP2) hydrolysis and M-current inhibition was assessed in single-dissociated rat sympathetic neurons by simultaneous or parallel recording of membrane current and membrane-to-cytosol translocation of the fluorescent PIP2/inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-binding(More)
1. Patch-clamp techniques in conjunction with indo-1 fluorescent measurements were used to measure increases in intracellular free calcium concentration and membrane conductance induced by the activation of nicotinic and calcium channels in cultured rat sympathetic neurons. 2. Under voltage-clamp conditions, pressure application of the nicotinic agonist(More)
The selective excitant and neurotoxic action of capsaicin on vagal sensory neurons in the rat has been investigated in vitro using three techniques: extracellular recording of compound spike potentials from the whole nerve; intracellular recording from ganglion cells using single-electrode current and voltage clamp; and electron microscopy of the nerve and(More)
M-channels are voltage-gated K+ channels that regulate the excitability of many neurons. They are composed of Kv7 (KCNQ) family subunits, usually Kv7.2 + Kv7.3. Native M-channels and expressed Kv7.2 + 7.3 channels are inhibited by stimulating G(q/11)-coupled receptors - prototypically the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M1-mAChR). The channels require(More)
1. The M-like current IK(M,ng) in differentiated NG108-15 mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid cells has been studied using tight-seal, whole-cell patch-clamp recording. 2. When calculated from steady-state current-voltage curves, the conductance underlying IK(M,ng) showed a Boltzmann dependence on voltage with half-activation voltage Vo = -44 mV (in 3(More)
In the absence of legal enforcement procedures for the participants of an open e-marketplace, trust and reputation systems are central for resisting against threats from malicious agents. Such systems provide mechanisms for identifying the participants who disseminate unfair ratings. However, it is possible that some of the honest participants are also(More)