Stephen Magura

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A multi-state survey of 5663 opioid dependent persons enrolling in 72 methadone maintenance treatment programs (MMTPs) was conducted to determine the prevalence of prescription opioid (PO) abuse, factors associated with PO abuse and sources for POs. Regions where PO abuse was believed to be prevalent were oversampled; primary opioid was defined as the drug(More)
AIMS To determine the effects of pre- and in-treatment variables on patient retention in methadone treatment. DESIGN Retrospective longitudinal study of an admission cohort sample for up to 3 years of treatment or until discharge. SETTING Six methadone maintenance programs operating 15 clinics in New York City. PARTICIPANTS A sample of 1206 admissions(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the psychometric properties of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), an established self-report measure of alexithymia, for a substance user sample participating in a clinical trial of outpatient cognitive-behavioral therapies (N=230). METHODS Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were used to determine the number and(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to conduct and evaluate an intensive AIDS education program for incarcerated male adolescent drug users. METHODS The study was conducted in New York City's main jail facility for detained and sentenced male youths aged 16-19 years. A four-session, group-oriented AIDS education program based on Problem-Solving(More)
Patient "motivation" has been implicated as a critical component in addiction treatment outcomes. To date, treatments utilizing motivational elements have been conducted as individual interventions. We describe the development of a Group Motivational Intervention (GMI), a four-session, manual-driven group approach that employs key hypothesized motivational(More)
Recovery from substance abuse and mental health disorders (dual-diagnosis) requires time, hard work and a broad array of coping skills. Empirical evidence has demonstrated the buffering role of social support in stressful situations. This paper investigates the associations among social support (including dual-recovery mutual aid), recovery status and(More)
Predicting outcomes for individual patients entering substance abuse treatment has long been a clinical goal in the addictions field. Intake data from the Addiction Severity Index and other standardized scales were collected on 248 alcohol dependent/abusing patients entering an urban hospital treatment program. The outcome measure was frequency of drinking(More)
This article reviews and synthesizes information about the relationship between two distinct approaches to helping substance users, formal "addiction treatment" and 12-step mutual aid. The following issues are addressed: Extent of formal treatment and 12-step fellowship participation for persons with substance use-related problems; overlap between treatment(More)
Drug use self-reports were compared with urinalysis for 248 clients in four methadone treatment programs. The validity of self-reporting based on urinalysis as a criterion depended on the type of drug examined. Opiate reporting was least valid, while benzodiazepine and cocaine reporting were moderately and highly valid, respectively. EMIT urinalysis was far(More)
The effectiveness of participation in dual-focus groups (i.e., focusing on both mental health and substance use) has not been studied empirically. The study examined whether three hypothesized active ingredients of self-help (helper-therapy, reciprocal-learning, and emotional-support processes) are associated with drug/alcohol abstinence outcomes for(More)