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Cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis.
TLDR
Cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis patients was not significantly associated with illness duration, depression, disease course, or medication usage, but was significantly (albeit weakly) correlated with physical disability.
Human Brain Language Areas Identified by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
TLDR
Although partly in conflict with the classical model of language localization, FMRI findings are generally compatible with reported lesion data and provide additional support for ongoing efforts to refine and extend the classicalmodel.
The evolution of brain activation during temporal processing
TLDR
A dynamic network of cortical-subcortical activation associated with different components of temporal information processing is illustrated, implicating these systems in attention and temporary maintenance of intervals.
Neural Systems Underlying the Recognition of Familiar and Newly Learned Faces
TLDR
Recognition of famous faces was associated with a widespread network of bilateral brain activations involving the prefrontal, lateral temporal, and mesial temporal regions compared to recognition of recently encoded faces or unfamiliar faces seen for the first time.
Minimal Neuropsychological Assessment of MS Patients: A Consensus Approach
TLDR
The Minimal Assessment of Cognitive Function in MS (MACFIMS), a 90-minute NP battery, is composed of seven neuropsychological tests, covering five cognitive domains commonly impaired in MS, and is supplemented by a measure of estimated premorbid cognitive ability.
Journal article reporting standards for quantitative research in psychology: The APA Publications and Communications Board task force report.
TLDR
Modifications to reporting standards for scientific publication were accepted by the Publications and Communications Board of APA and supersede the standards included in the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
Neural Basis of Endogenous and Exogenous Spatial Orienting: A Functional MRI Study
TLDR
Both exogenous and endogenous orienting, but not the control condition, activated bilateral parietal and dorsal premotor regions, including the frontal eye fields, which suggest a specific role for these regions in preparatory responding to peripheral stimuli.
Motor Sequence Complexity and Performing Hand Produce Differential Patterns of Hemispheric Lateralization
TLDR
Activity in the sensorimotor cortex (SMC) is associated with execution requirements shared by the simple and complex sequences independent of their differential cognitive requirements, and consistent with data in brain damaged patients, the left dorsal premotor and parietal areas are engaged when advanced planning is required to perform complex motor sequences.
Cognition in multiple sclerosis
TLDR
This group of MS researchers and clinicians with varied expertise took stock of the current state of the field, and identified several important practical and theoretical challenges, including key knowledge gaps and methodologic limitations related to understanding and measurement of cognitive deficits, and development of effective treatments.
Neural representation of interval encoding and decision making.
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