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Like many species, the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana exhibits multiple different life histories in natural environments. We grew mutants impaired in different signaling pathways in field experiments across the species' native European range in order to dissect the mechanisms underlying this variation. Unexpectedly, mutational loss at loci implicated in(More)
The iPlant Collaborative (iPlant) is a United States National Science Foundation (NSF) funded project that aims to create an innovative, comprehensive, and foundational cyberinfrastructure in support of plant biology research (PSCIC, 2006). iPlant is developing cyberinfrastructure that uniquely enables scientists throughout the diverse fields that comprise(More)
Progress in breeding higher-yielding crop plants would be greatly accelerated if the phenotypic consequences of making changes to the genetic makeup of an organism could be reliably predicted. Developing a predictive capacity that scales from genotype to phenotype is impeded by biological complexities associated with genetic controls, environmental effects(More)
Rotating disk electrode (RDE) voltammetry was used to examine the effect of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on the initial velocity of dopamine (DA) uptake in suspensions of rat striatal tissue. Transport velocities were determined by measuring the rate of clearance of 2 microM DA added to the tissue suspension. NMDA (200 microM) was found to increase the(More)
research on developing efficient methods for estimating these parameters (Irmak et al., 2000), including attempts Crop simulation models incorporate many physiological processes to relate them to specific plant genotypes (White and within sophisticated mathematical frameworks. However, the control Hoogenboom, 1996). A valuable result of these studies(More)
—This paper describes genetic and hybrid approaches for multiobjective optimization using a numerical measure called fuzzy dominance. Fuzzy dominance is used when implementing tournament selection within the genetic algorithm (GA). In the hybrid version, it is also used to carry out a Nelder–Mead sim-plex-based local search. The proposed GA is shown to(More)
In this paper, the parameters of a genetic network for rice flowering time control have been estimated using a multi-objective genetic algorithm approach. We have modified the recently introduced concept of fuzzy dominance to hybridize the well-known Nelder Mead Simplex algorithm for better exploitation with a multi-objective genetic algorithm. A(More)