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Seasonal dietary shifts by Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus (L.)) are common in subarctic lakes, but less is known about how the shift to pelagic zooplankton feeding during the growing season affects stable isotope ratios and mercury concentrations. We sampled Arctic charr, zooplankton and benthic macroinvertebrates from oligotrophic Lake Galggojavri,(More)
The antiproteinuric effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors underscores the importance of a hemodynamic injury and the renin-angiotensin system in the proteinuria of various glomerular diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent promoter of vascular permeability, is induced in mesangial cells by both mechanical stretch and(More)
Nephropathy is one of the major microvascular complications of diabetes, and both hemodynamic and metabolic stimuli participate in its development and progression toward ESRD. There is now a greater understanding of the molecular pathways that are activated by high glomerular capillary pressure and hyperglycemia and how they interplay to produce kidney(More)
The following case reports illustrate two differing presentations of pituitary apoplexy, and then discuss appropriate investigation and treatment options. A previously healthy 64-year-old woman presented to the emergency room with a three-day history of feeling generally unwell, drowsiness and acute onset, severe headache. She had a decreased level of(More)
Elevated atmospheric CO2 can change foliar tissue chemistry. This alters leaf litter palatability to macroinvertebrate detritivores with consequences for decomposition, nutrient turnover, and food-web structure. Currently there is no consensus on the link between CO2 enrichment, litter chemistry, and macroinvertebrate-mediated leaf decomposition. To(More)
Since 2002, over 10% of total cyber vulnerabilities were SQL injection vulnerabilities (SQLIVs). Since most developers are not experienced software security practitioners, a solution for correctly removing SQLIVs that does not require security expertise is desirable. In this paper, a prepared statement replacement algorithm for removing SQLIVs by replacing(More)
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