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The oxidative metabolism of cocaine to norcocaine nitroxide has been postulated to be essential for cocaine hepatotoxicity. The hepatic effects of norcocaine nitroxide have never been evaluated in vivo, however. In this study mice were administered norcocaine nitroxide i.p., and hepatotoxicity was assessed using serum alanine aminotransferase activities and(More)
The effect of acetaminophen (APAP) and 3'-hydroxyacetanilide (AMAP) on heat shock protein (hsp) induction in mouse liver was examined using Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Western blots from APAP (200 mg/kg i.p.)-treated mice showed increased hsp25 levels at 6 and 24 hr and increased hsp70i levels at 3, 6 and 24 hr. No apparent induction was(More)
The objective of this study was to determine if a variety of hepatotoxicants could induce the level of heat shock protein 70I, and whether or not elevated levels of heat shock proteins (hsp's) could provide cytoprotection from those hepatotoxicants. Exposure of HepG2 cells to cytotoxic concentrations of bromobenzene, cadmium, cyclophosphamide, or(More)
Morphine administration has been associated with a decrease in hepatic glutathione (GSH) and an increase in the hepatotoxicity of compounds dependent upon GSH for detoxification. In this study, intraperitoneal administration of 100 mg/kg morphine in mice resulted in approximately a 25% decrease in hepatic GSH. The same magnitude of GSH depletion was also(More)
The effects of alpha-adrenoreceptor stimulation on hepatic glutathione content were examined in ICR male mice using a selective alpha 1-adrenoreceptor stimulating agent, phenylephrine, and a selective alpha 2-adrenoreceptor stimulating drug, clonidine. Phenylephrine produced a dose-dependent depression in hepatic glutathione levels when administered by the(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that prior exposures to uranium can produce acquired resistance to uranium nephrotoxicity. In this study, the potential role for heat shock proteins (Hsps) in acquired resistance to uranium nephrotoxicity was explored. Pretreatment of male Sprague-Dawley rats with a conditioning dose of uranyl acetate (5 mg/kg, i.p.) was(More)
Several soil ingestion studies have indicated that some children ingest substantial amounts of soil on given days. Although the EPA has assumed that 95% of children ingest 200 mg soil/day or less for exposure assessment purposes, some children have been observed to ingest up to 25-60 g soil during a single day. In light of the potential for children to(More)
It was previously shown that a necrogenic dose of acetaminophen (APAP) induced the 25- and 70-kDa heat shock proteins (hsp25 and hsp70i) in mouse liver, whereas nonnecrogenic doses failed to alter the level of either hsp. A strong correlation between the intralobular sites of APAP arylation of protein and hsp induction suggested that APAP-induced protein(More)
Adsorption of natural organic matter (NOM) on nanoparticles can have dramatic impacts on particle dispersion resulting in altered fate and transport as well as bioavailability and toxicity. In this study, the adsorption of Suwannee River humic acid (SRHA) on silver nanoparticles (nano-Ag) was determined and showed a Langmuir adsorption at pH 7 with an(More)