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Laryngoscopy and panendoscopy can cause airway complications. To determine the risk to the airway from reintubation following general anesthesia in otolaryngology patients, we examined recovery room and anesthesia records at the Albany Veterans Administration Medical Center covering a 10-year period. From this information we determined the incidence of(More)
P-glycoprotein (PGP), which is a product of the multidrug resistance gene (MDR1), is an active transmembrane efflux pump responsible for detoxifying normal cells as well as rendering tumor cells resistant to chemotherapy. It has also been implicated to be expressed by more aggressive cancers. It has not been well described in squamous cell carcinoma of the(More)
Leukotrienes are inflammatory mediators that are known as the slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis produced by a number of cell types including mast cells, eosinophils, basophils, macrophages, and monocytes. Synthesis of these mediators results from the cleavage of arachidonic acid in cell membranes, and they exert their biologic effects by binding and(More)
Laryngeal electromyography can provide prognostic information when evaluating patients with vocal cord dysfunction. Twenty-four patients were studied to determine the predictive capacity of this test. Six patients had bilateral vocal cord paralysis, constituting a total of 30 vocal cords examined. Sixteen of these cords had decreased or absent motor unit(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinicopathologic features of head and neck follicular dendritic cell (FDC) tumor and report the experience of this entity at our institution. STUDY DESIGN Two case presentations are compared with a retrospective analysis of all published head and neck cases. SETTING A tertiary academic medical center. RESULTS Thirty four(More)
DC00166e and acute unilateral deafferentation of the auditory periphery (auditory and vestibular afferents) can induce changes in the central nervous system that may result in unique forms of tinnitus. These tinnitus perceptions can be controlled (turned on and off) or modulated (changed in pitch or loudness) by performing certain overt behaviors in other(More)
A unique and intriguing form of subjective tinnitus evoked by eye gaze is reviewed. A new perspective is presented because this condition is sufficiently different from other forms of subjective tinnitus and its manifestation cannot be adequately explained by existing models or conceptual frameworks. Our examination of this topic considers pathophysiologic(More)
Cutaneous-evoked tinnitus is a clinical entity that has not been reported previously in the neurootological literature. Herein, a neuroscience framework that encompasses several distinct areas of research is used to conceptualize and help understand this phenomenon. We review normal neuroanatomical and physiological interactions between auditory and(More)
Two human cell lines were established from untreated squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Line 183 was derived from a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and 1483 from a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the retromolar trigone. Both lines grow in a cobblestone pattern demonstrating their epithelial heritage.(More)