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By studying animal movements, researchers can gain insight into many of the ecological characteristics and processes important for understanding population-level dynamics. We developed a Brownian bridge movement model (BBMM) for estimating the expected movement path of an animal, using discrete location data obtained at relatively short time intervals. The(More)
Imagine a pathogen that is spreading radially as a circular wave through a population of susceptible hosts. In the interior of this circular region, the infection dies out due to a subcritical density of susceptibles. If a mutant pathogen, having some advantage over wild-type pathogens, arises in this region it is likely to die out without leaving a(More)
In spite of the importance of plasmids in bacterial adaptation, we have a poor understanding of their dynamics. It is not known if or how plasmids persist in and spread through (invade) a bacterial population when there is no selection for plasmid-encoded traits. Moreover, the differences in dynamics between spatially structured and mixed populations are(More)
The clinical failure of antimicrobial drugs that were previously effective in controlling infectious disease is a tragedy of increasing magnitude that gravely affects human health. This resistance by pathogens is often the endpoint of an evolutionary process that began billions of years ago in non-disease-causing microorganisms. This environmental(More)
Theoretical studies of biological populations via analysis and/or simulation of deter-ministic and stochastic systems sometimes end up drawing conflicting conclusions. Papers purporting to investigate the same dynamics, albeit through different methods, often cannot agree on essential properties of the system being modeled. This problem often arises when(More)
One of the goals of this paper is to show that the infinite-alleles model with overdominant selection " looks like " the neutral infinite-alleles model when the selection intensity and mutation rate get large together. This rather surprising behavior was noticed by Gillespie (1999) in simulations. To make rigorous and refine Gillespie's observations, we(More)
Previously, we showed that adaptive substitutions in one of the three promoters of the bacteriophage ϕX174 improved fitness at high-temperature by decreasing transcript levels three- to four-fold. To understand how such an extreme change in gene expression might lead to an almost two-fold increase in fitness at the adaptive temperature, we focused on stages(More)
Opinions are rarely binary; they can be held with different degrees of conviction, and this expanded attitude spectrum can affect the influence one opinion has on others. Our goal is to understand how different aspects of influence lead to recognizable spatio-temporal patterns of opinions and their strengths. To do this, we introduce a stochastic spatial(More)