Stephen M King

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Flesh color of watermelon is an agronomically important trait that is predominantly determined by a network of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway, which also contributes to the nutritional value of the fruit through the health-promoting function of carotenoids. We have identified a key gene, lycopene β-cyclase (LCYB) that may determine canary yellow and(More)
Through novel application of small-angle neutron scattering, we examined the fate of silica nanoparticles (SiO(2)NPs) during simulated primary wastewater treatment, by measuring, in real time, the colloidal behavior of SiO(2)NPs in wastewater (sewage). We examined the effects of surface functionality on SiO(2)NP fate in wastewater, by comparing both(More)
The viscous mucus coating that adheres to the epithelial surfaces of mammalian organs provides protection for the underlying tissues and is an efficient barrier to drug delivery. Pulsed-gradient spin-echo NMR and small-angle neutron scattering have been used to study the aqueous solution interaction of various model polymer therapeutics with mucin, the(More)
The structure and flow behaviour of binary mixtures of Pluronic block copolymers P85 and P123 is investigated by small-angle scattering, rheometry and mobility tests. Micelle dimensions are probed by dynamic light scattering. The micelle hydrodynamic radius for the 50/50 mixture is larger than that for either P85 or P123 alone, due to the formation of mixed(More)
Bioresponsive poly(amidoamine)s (PAA)s are currently under development as endosomolytic polymers for intracellular delivery of proteins and genes. Here for the first time, small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) is used to systematically investigate the pH-dependent conformational change of an endosomolytic polymer, the PAA ISA 23. The radius of gyration of(More)
Production of polymer and/or surfactant-coated crystalline nanoparticles of water-insoluble drugs (nanosuspensions) using wet bead milling is an important formulation approach to improve the bioavailability of said compounds. Despite the fact that there are a number of nanosuspensions on the market, there is still a deficiency in the characterization of(More)
Flow-SANS experiments were performed on viscoelastic aqueous solutions of erucyl bis(hydroxyethyl) methylammonium chloride in the presence of potassium chloride. This cationic surfactant has the ability to form very long and flexible wormlike micelles upon addition of salt. The effects of the key-parameters-shear rate, temperature, surfactant and salt(More)
Controlling the order and spatial distribution of self-assembly in multicomponent supramolecular systems could underpin exciting new functional materials, but it is extremely challenging. When a solution of different components self-assembles, the molecules can either coassemble, or self-sort, where a preference for like-like intermolecular interactions(More)
We discuss the effect of the kinetics of pH change on the mechanical properties of dipeptide hydrogels. Data from other peptide-based low molecular weight gelator (LMWG) systems suggest that the rheological properties are often highly dependent on the assembly rate. To examine kinetics here, we have used the hydrolysis of glucono-8-lactone (GdL). The(More)
The self-assembly of a modified fragment of the amyloid beta peptide, based on sequence Abeta(16-20), KLVFF, extended to give AAKLVFF is studied in methanol. Self-assembly into peptide nanotubes is observed, as confirmed by electron microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering. The secondary structure of the peptide is probed by FTIR and circular dichroism,(More)