Stephen M. Hewitt

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Analysis of gene expression data suggests that breast cancers are divisible into molecular subtypes which have distinct clinical features. This study evaluates whether pathologic features and etiologic associations differ among molecular subtypes. We evaluated 804 women with invasive breast cancers and 2,502 controls participating in a Polish Breast Cancer(More)
Metastatic cancers, once established, are the primary cause of mortality associated with cancer. Previously, we used a genomic approach to identify metastasis-associated genes in cancer. From this genomic data, we selected ezrin for further study based on its role in physically and functionally connecting the actin cytoskeleton to the cell membrane. In a(More)
PURPOSE Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is an aggressive tumor with poor prognosis. Understanding molecular changes in ESCC will enable identification of molecular subtypes and provide potential targets for early detection and therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We followed up a previous array study with additional discovery and confirmatory studies in(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent molecule that mediates tumor angiogenesis primarily through VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). Bevacizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody to VEGF, was administered to previously untreated patients to evaluate parameters of angiogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-one patients with(More)
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by the development of small dome-shaped papules on the face, neck, and upper trunk (fibrofolliculomas). In addition to these benign hair follicle tumors, BHD confers an increased risk of renal neoplasia and spontaneous pneumothorax. To date, there has been no systematic(More)
The Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome, a genodermatosis characterized by benign tumors of the hair follicle, has been associated with renal and colonic neoplasms and spontaneous pneumothorax, but the risk of developing these disorders is unknown. We identified risk factors for renal tumors and spontaneous pneumothorax in 98 patients affected with the Birt-Hogg-Dubé(More)
Tumor-infiltrating immune cells can promote chemoresistance and metastatic spread in aggressive tumors. Consequently, the type and quality of immune responses present in the neoplastic stroma are highly predictive of patient outcome in several cancer types. In addition to host immune responses, intrinsic tumor cell activities that mimic stem cell properties(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin C at high concentrations is toxic to cancer cells in vitro. Early clinical studies of vitamin C in patients with terminal cancer suggested clinical benefit, but 2 double-blind, placebo-controlled trials showed none. However, these studies used different routes of administration. OBJECTIVE To determine whether plasma vitamin C(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is a common cause of acute renal failure (ARF). The incidence of sepsis increases dramatically after 50 years of age; however, most ARF studies are performed in young mice. METHODS We performed two common sepsis models, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration and cecal ligation puncture (CLP) in aged mice. We developed a fully treated(More)
BACKGROUND Acute renal failure (ARF) is caused by ischemic and nephrotoxic insults acting alone or in combination. Anti-inflammatory agents have been shown to decrease renal ischemia-reperfusion and cisplatin-induced injury and leukocyte infiltration. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine that inhibits inflammatory and cytotoxic(More)