Stephen M Goldman

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BACKGROUND Traumatic muscle loss (i.e., volumetric muscle loss [VML] injury) impairs adjacent fracture healing but is often left untreated. A promising therapy for this application is a decellularized extracellular matrix (ECM) because of their capacity to regenerate a vascularized tissue bed. This study tested the hypothesis that repair of VML concomitant(More)
OBJECTIVES The traumatic loss of muscle tissue, defined as volumetric muscle loss (VML) injury, has no definitive therapy. The purposes of this study were: (1) to develop a porcine model of VML and (2) to investigate autologous minced muscle grafts (1-mm pieces of muscle) as a potential therapeutic. Minced grafts were evaluated because they have promoted(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether two different multiphasic implants could initiate and sustain repair of osteochondral defects in rabbits. The implants address the malleable properties of cartilage while also addressing the rigid characteristics of subchondral bone. DESIGN The bone region of both devices consisted of D, D-L, L-polylactic acid invested(More)
BACKGROUND Heightened local inflammation due to muscle trauma or disease is associated with impaired bone regeneration. METHODS We hypothesized that FK506, an FDA approved immunomodulatory compound with neurotrophic and osteogenic effects, will rescue the early phase of fracture healing which is impaired by concomitant muscle trauma in male (~4 months(More)
Volumetric muscle loss (VML) resulting from extremity trauma presents chronic and persistent functional deficits which ultimately manifest disability. Acellular biological scaffolds, or decellularized extracellular matrices (ECMs), embody an ideal treatment platform due to their current clinical use for soft tissue repair, off-the-shelf availability, and(More)
The deleterious impact of concomitant muscle injury on fracture healing and limb function is commonly considered part of the natural sequela of orthopedic trauma. Recent reports suggest that heightened inflammation in the surrounding traumatized musculature is a primary determinant of fracture healing. Relatedly, there are emerging potential therapeutic(More)
INTRODUCTION Volumetric muscle loss (VML) occurs following significant traumatic injury or surgical removal of skeletal muscle, resulting in non-recoverable loss of tissue and long-term dysfunction. Perhaps less recognized is that VML injuries inherently disrupt the neuromuscular unit, resulting in fiber denervation and presumptive motor unit rearrangement,(More)
Recently, there has been considerable interest in plasma concentrations of homovanillic acid (HVA) in various psychiatric disorders. Homovanillic acid is a weak organic acid, and its excretion probably resembles that of other organic acids (eg, p-aminohippuric acid) that are actively secreted by the kidney. Alterations in renal plasma flow can affect(More)
Minced muscle grafts (MG) promote de novo muscle fiber regeneration and neuromuscular strength recovery in small and large animal models of volumetric muscle loss. The most noteworthy limitation of this approach is its reliance on a finite supply of donor tissue. To address this shortcoming, this study sought to evaluate micronized acellular urinary bladder(More)
The delivery of alternative myogenic cell sources to enhance the efficacy of minced muscle grafts (MG) for the treatment of volumetric muscle loss (VML) injuries is a promising strategy to overcome the demand on muscle-derived donor tissue that currently limits the translation of this therapy. Using a rat model of VML, bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMNCs)(More)
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