Stephen M. Forrest

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Occupant kinematics and the potential for injury in vehicular rollover crashes are dramatically affected by various restraint system characteristics. This study reviews previous research that utilized various methodologies and test fixtures to evaluate restrained occupant motions, primarily in the vertical direction, during both inverted and quasi-static(More)
Inverted drop testing of vehicles is a methodology that has long been used by the automotive industry and researchers to test roof integrity and is currently being considered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration as a roof strength test. In 1990 a study was reported which involved 8 dolly rollover tests and 5 inverted drop tests. These(More)
The multi-planar and multiple impact long duration accident sequence of a real world rollover results in multidirectional vehicle acceleration pulses and multiplanar occupant motions not typically seen in a planar crash sequence. Various researchers have documented that, while contemporary production emergency locking seatbelt retractors (ELRs) have been(More)
The performance of a vehicle’s seat back in rear impact accidents can significantly affect occupant kinematics and resulting injury potential. The only current United States (U.S.) government regulation addressing seat back strength is outlined in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 207, Seating Systems [1]. The test method outlined in this(More)
Occupant kinematics during rollover inverted impacts has been the subject of significant research. Controlled experiments have utilized complete vehicles, partial vehicles and seat/restraint systems attached to various platforms. The Deformable Occupant Compartment Impact Tester (DOCIT) was developed to incorporate functions similar to previous methods, but(More)
Recent statistics highlight the significant risk of serious and fatal injuries to occupants involved in rollover collisions due to excessive roof crush. The government has reported that in 2002. Sports Utility Vehicle rollover related fatalities increased by 14% to more than 2400 annually. 61% of all SUV fatalities included rollovers [1]. Rollover crashes(More)
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