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STUDY DESIGN A comprehensive immunohistochemical study of matrix metalloproteinase activity in discs from patients with different disc diseases. OBJECTIVES To identify individual matrix metalloproteinase enzymes that could contribute to the degeneration of the matrix of the intervertebral disc, to identify the cells that produce matrix metalloproteinases(More)
STUDY DESIGN Biochemical study of human intervertebral discs collected at surgery from patients with low back pain associated with disc degeneration or scoliosis. Matrix metalloproteinases were studied by quantitative zymography. OBJECTIVE To determine whether changes in the expression of matrix metalloproteinases will bring about tissue remodelling that(More)
The innervation of lumbar facet capsule and ligamentum flavum was investigated using antisera to a general neuronal marker protein gene product (PGP) 9.5 and to peptide markers of sensory nerves (calcitonin gene-related peptide [CGRP] and substance P) and autonomic nerves (vasoactive intestinal polypeptide [VIP] and C-flanking peptide of neuropeptide Y(More)
The morphology and composition of the intervertebral disc and also of the cartilage end-plate were studied in patients with idiopathic or congenital scoliosis. The cartilage end-plate was investigated because of its function as an epiphyseal plate in humans and the association between growth and progression of the scoliotic curve. The proteoglycan and water(More)
STUDY DESIGN The transport properties of solutes of different sizes and conformations were studied in cartilage endplates. OBJECTIVES The results were correlated with the composition of the cartilage matrix to determine if a relationship existed between this and the movement of molecules within it. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Solute transport through the(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is an often investigated pathophysiological condition because of its implication in causing low back pain. As human material for such studies is difficult to obtain because of ethical and government regulatory restriction, animal tissue, organs and in vivo models have often been used for this purpose. However, there(More)
Chronic pain at the donor site was reported by 25% of 290 patients who had undergone anterior lumbar spine fusion for low back pain. Donor site pain has characteristic clinical features, may be severely disabling and is stubbornly resistant to treatment. The highest prevalence was in patients who had a tricortical full thickness graft taken through a(More)
STUDY DESIGN The ingrowth of nerves, blood vessels, and Schwann cells into human intervertebral discs was examined using immunohistochemistry for cell-type-specific markers. OBJECTIVES To determine whether Schwann cells may contribute to disc innervation, and to assess the relation between disc innervation and vascularization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
The revised Tokuhashi, Tomita and modified Bauer scores are commonly used to make difficult decisions in the management of patients presenting with spinal metastases. A prospective cohort study of 199 consecutive patients presenting with spinal metastases, treated with either surgery and/or radiotherapy, was used to compare the three systems. Cox(More)
The distribution of the principal matrix components, collagen, proteoglycans and water, across the diameter of human normal and degenerate intervertebral discs was compared. Little difference in collagen distribution was noted between normal and degenerate tissue but water and proteoglycan content decreased with degeneration, particularly in the centre of(More)